c. 1366 BC
Ace spent considerable time in Ancient Egypt. At first she became the bodyguard of Lord Sedjet for six months. She then left and became a waitress when the army wouldn't let her join. She left that to join a group of Set worshippers resisting Pharaoh Akhenaten. She was responsible for the Armarna Graffito, wiping out the names Aten and Akhenaten from a Stelae and leaving her own message - ace was here, before leaving through a space-time rift.
[The date is on page 36.]
c. 1300 BC
Ramses I orders that a canal be dug between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
["Over two thousand years" before All-Consuming Fire (1887) page 140. Ramses reigned between 1320 BC and 1291 BC.]
The [fourth] Doctor claimed to have met Theseus.
[The Horns of Nimon. The date is that of Theseus assuming the throne of Athens.]
A ship of the Arcane Collegiate crashes on Earth. Drained of power, it ends up beneath the Novrosk Penninsula in Northern Russia.
[The Doctor estimates that this was centuries or maybe millennia ago on page 135 of The Deviant Strain.]
Troilus is born
[The Myth Makers]
The Trojan War begins when Melanaus challenges Paris to personal combat for abducting Helen and Paris refuses.
[The Myth Makers.]
[Early in the war], the Rani stole some of a brain fluid that promotes sleep. This made everyone more aggressive.
[Mark of the Rani.]
c. 1184 BC
THE MYTH MAKERS
The First Doctor becomes involved in the final phase of the Trojan war. Captured outside Troy, he is given a choice between death and helping to win the war. In response, he invents the legendary Trojan Horse, leading to the fall of Troy. His companion Vicki falls in love with Troilus and changes her name to Cressida before helping to rebuild Troy. Katarina, handmaiden to the Prophetess Cassandra, disappears with the Doctor and Steven.
[The Myth Makers. The date is the traditional date of the fall of Troy. This is mentioned in The Unquiet Dead.]
c. 1183 BC
SHORT TRIPS COMPANIONS: APOCRYPHA BIPEDIUM
The harrassed survivors of Troy briefly meet the Eighth Doctor, Charley Pollard, and William Shakespeare. This inspires them to travel to what would become England and settle there.
[The date is given on page 43.]
c. 1140 BC
The Doctor is given a copy of the I Ching by Wen Wang, ruler of the state of Chou, for services rendered.
[According to Timewyrm: Revelation (page 14). The date is not stated, but Wen Wang was imprisoned for a period of three years from 1144, which is when he traditionally wrote the I Ching. So, this has to have been after his imprisonment.]
c. 1100 BC
THE SANDS OF TIME
Nyssa is sent down an Osiran time corridor, and mistaken for Nephthys. She is mummified and entombed in the black pyramid at Saqqara.
[This is "three thousand years" before 1896 (page 100) and "many hundreds of years"' after the tomb robbery (2,000 BC) on page 93.]
c. 1000 BC
The Exxilons were [considered by some to be] the supreme beings in the universe. They visited a number of worlds including Yemaya and Earth. Native languages were replaced with Exxilon ones and temples were built in places like Peru. They left at least one dangerous device on Earth. On their homeworld they created The City, a vast complex designed to last forever, being literally a living entity. The city took over, driving the Exxilons into the wilderness, where they degenerated into primitives.
[The Exxilons and the City appear in Death to the Daleks. Their legacy is noted in SLEEPY and The Left Handed Hummingbird. The Peruvian temples are estimated to be 3,000 years old.]
c. 1000 BC
Mawdryn and seven companions stole a metamorphic symbiosis generator from the Time Lords in the hope of becoming immortal. Instead, they became horrific mutations with no hope of dying. Stuck in a warp ellipse and exiled from home, they reached an inhabited planet every seventy years [in their own timestream] and transmatted down looking for help.
[Mawdryn Undead - the Doctor estimates that the ship has been operative for 3,000 years.]
The inhabitants of the planet Avalon reached a remarkable level of technology, creating thought operated nanobots that could change energy and matter on the planet's surface. Another of their creations was a focus for solar energy, which could deflect the abnormally high number of asteroids in the system from the planet's surface. Eventually they drained their machines of energy, but not before their civilisation
[Thousands of years before The Sorcerer's Apprentice (c.3025).]
c. 800 BC
A bronze age warrior chieftain is buried in the mound that will eventually be called Devils Hump, starting a long string of pagan rituals at the site.
[According to Professor Horner in The Dæmons.]
Rome was founded.
[This is the traditional date, as given by the Doctor in State of Change (page 44).]
c. 610 BC
Necho II orders the re-digging of the Canal of the Pharaohs, after it has been disused for a century. 100,000 men die during the work.
[According to All-Consuming Fire, page 140. This was nine centuries after Ramses dug the first one. Necho reigned sometime between 617 and 592 BC.]
The Urbankans returned to Earth for the penultimate time, kidnapping Athenian philosopher Bigon, aged 56. This was the first visit in which they encountered significant resistance.
Around this time, the War Lords stole a Grecian battlefield. During the time of Pericles, the Eternals took an Athenian trireme. Scaroth's fifth segment posed as an ancient Greek and the Dæmons also influenced the period.
[The Urbankans appear in Four to Doomsday, the War Lords in The War Lords, the Eternals in Enlightenment (Pericles lived 499-429 BC), Scaroth in City of Death and the Dæmons in The Dæmons. All the kidnapped parties actually appear in their respective stories.]
The Doctor wrote some of Greek literature.
[Or so he claims in Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark (page 112).]
c. 508 BC
The Cult of Demnos may have been founded around this date.
[A cult member in The Masque of Mandragora (c. 1492) says a "dream of 2,000 years come true".]
The Neutronic War begins between the Kaleds (or Dals) and the Thals.
[One thousand years before Genesis of the Daleks.]
c. 500 BC
This was when Gemelius believed that King David built the Temple in Jerusalem.
[In Byzantium! (page 50), he says that it was between 500 and 600 BC. In reality, David ruled between 1010 and 970 BC, and the temple was built by his son Solomon between 966 and 959 BC. In 500 BC, the Jews were mostly in exile in Babylon. Perhaps Gemelius is referring to the rebuilding of the Temple under Ezra and Zerubbabel between 536 BC and 516 BC.]
The Doctor claims to have met several people from this era.
The first Doctor met Pyrrho.
[The Keys of Marinus. The dates given are his lifespan.]
The Doctor met Alexander the Great.
[Robot. This must have been during his first three incarnations. The dates given are his lifespan.]
The Doctor visited Alexandria's Pharos lighthouse.
[Horror of Fang Rock. This must have been during his first 4 incarnations.]
The Doctor acquired Archimedes' business card. When Archimedes said that, given a long enough lever and a place to stand, he could move the Earth, the Doctor pointed out that he hadn't explained what he would use as a fulcrum.
[The first incident is mentioned in The Two Doctors. The second is mentioned by Susan in City at World's End. The dates given are Archimedes' lifespan.]
4th Century BC
The Doctor replaced Sun Tzu as the Chinese Emperor's military advisor, but failed because he held conflict resolution seminars instead of fighting.
[Or so he claims in Set Piece (page 146).]
The Doctor met Hannibal.
[Robot. Thus this was during his first three incarnations. The dates are Hannibal's lifetime.]
Hannibal crosses the Alps to invade Rome. En route, he uses vinegar to dissolve boulders.
[Harriet Jones mentions this in World War Three. The date is historical.]
An alien called Rhakotis crash-lands near Alexandria. He uses time-travel portals to steal books to pay for gold to repair his engines. He acquires The Ancient and Worshipful Law of Gallifrey from 20th Century Earth. He then accidentally transports Barbara from 322 BC, and she becomes a queen. This timeline is destroyed when the Doctor asks Barbara and Rhakotis to use the book.
[Decalog: The Book of Shadows. The year is given on page 155.]
Rhakotis's starship explodes before it reaches Earth.
[Decalog: The Book of Shadows. The year is given on page 194.]
c. 260 BC
Erastothenes of Alexandria calculates the circumference of the Earth.
[According to Themos in State of Change (page 106) this happened two and a half centuries ago.]
27th March 195 BC
Ptolomy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt, issues a royal decree. This decree is inscribed on a black basalt slab in three languages - Hieroglyphics, Greek, and Demotic.
[This, the Rosetta stone, is mentioned in Set Piece page 125, the date is historical.]
The Roman Empire
The Roman Empire expands to include Byzantium, although the city still retains some independence.
[This is said to have been 170 years before Byzantium! on page 219 (hence 106 BC. However, page 20 claims that the Romans began policing the city 200 years before (hence 136 BC).]
c. 58 BC
Aulus Severus Glabrio meets Julius Caesar
[Or so he says in State of Change page 25. There's no date to this, but he's 40 on the expedition to India, and the meeting happened in his youth.]
Julius Caesar fails to conquer Britain.
[Ptolomy Caesar mentions this in State of Change (page 20). The date is historical.]
Julius Caesar is made Dictator for life by the Roman Senate.
[According to the Doctor in State of Change page 89.]
68 - 30 BC
The Doctor met Cleopatra, whose bodyguards were very good swordsmen.
[The Masque of Mandragora. Thus this was during his first four incarnations, probably the first three, and has nothing to do with events in State of Change. The dates are Cleopatra's lifespan.]
Julius Caesar is killed.
[This was when Ptolomy Caesar was three, according to State of Change page 145.]
STATE OF CHANGE
Cleopatra sails down the Nile in a dry run for her meeting with Mark Anthony in Tarsus.
[The date is given on page 7.]
STATE OF CHANGE
The entity Iam attempts to copy the Doctor's TARDIS console. He also copies an area of Earth that includes Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. He provides the necessary conditions for life to continue on this new discworld.
[This happens in Chapter I. The divergence appears to be shortly before the battle of Actium in 31 BC, and the Doctor dates it on page 221.]
Octavius defeats Mark Anthony and Cleopatra in the Battle of Actium. Within a year, they are both dead, and Octavius is well on the way to becoming Augustus Caesar.
[State of Change page 45.]
Marcus Agrippa writes an account of this battle.
[Ian reads some of this in Byzantium! (page 101).]
c. 24 BC
Augustus Caesar takes direct control of Byzantium's land in Bithynia, and stations a garrison in the city, although it remains technically independent.
[According to Byzantium! page 219. This is said to be early in the reign of Augustus, which was from 27 BC till 14 AD.]
c. 10 BC
STATE OF CHANGE
The copy of the TARDIS console is discovered by Cleopatra's navy. It becomes known as the oracle, and provides them with advanced technology. The first advance, steamships, enable Cleopatra and Mark Anthony to win the battle of Actium in 31 BC. They found the Romano-Egyptian Dominion in 29 BC, starting a new calendar. Ptolomy Caesar, son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra, leads an expedition to India in 23 BC and discovers the end of the world. Mark Anthony dies in 16 BC and Cleopatra in 14 BC. Cleopatra's children Ptolomy Caesar, Cleopatra Selene, and Alexander Helios take over ruling the Dominion. By 10 BC the Dominion has acquired steamships, firearms, electric lighting, airships, radio, telescopes, PA systems, and explosives. Rome has developed atomic power (they tested the bomb in 9 BC), and Egypt has developed aeroplanes. There is a power-play between the three rulers, partly at the gladiatorial games, which comes to a head when Cleopatra's air force attacks Rome. This ends when Cleopatra's Royal Airship explodes. In the aftermath, it emerges that Alexander is dead, Cleopatra is much reduced in power, and tolomy becomes the most powerful ruler.
[The Doctor estimates that it is 10 BC on page 41. The dates for the founding of the Dominion and Cleopatra and Mark Anthony's deaths are from Cleopatra's tomb (page 45). We can count from the battle of Actium, 31 BC (page 45), when Caesarion is about 15 (page 17). We find the expedition to India happens when he isn't yet 24 (page 20) - so about 23 BC, and the main story happens when he is 37 (page 51) - so about 9 BC. On the other hand, it took 3 years from Cleopatra's death to resolve a dispute over her remains (page 98), and the agreement is only just being implemented, which suggests that it's 11 BC.]
c. 6 AD
The piece of land that would become Downing Street was marshland at this time.
[According to the Doctor in World War Three, this was "two thousand" years before that story (set 2006).]
Tiberius Caesar becomes Roman Emperor, succeeding his father Augustus.
[Jesus is correctly said to have lived during their respective reigns thirty or forty years before Byzantium! page 51.]
The Roman Emperor Caligula builds a temple of Isis at around the same time as he makes his horse a Senator.
[According to Byzantium! page 198. No date is stated for either event, but Caligula reigned from 37 to 41 AD]
Roman Emperor Claudius Caesar invades Britannia. One of the legionnaires in the invasion force is Gaius Calaphilus, who will later rise to the rank of General.
[This was twenty years before Byzantium! page 89, so early 44 AD or later 43 AD. Historically, the invasion was in 43 AD.]
By this time, the Zealots had begun sicarii attacks in Byzantium.
[They started over 20 years before Byzantium! page 68.]
c. 49 AD
At this time, Captain Drusus Felinistius is in charge of a murder squad in Judea. He believes that this squad is the most feared and respected in the Empire.
[This was 15 years before Byzantium! page 216.]
c. 50 AD
Iola is born to Georgiadus and Evangeline.
[She is six months younger than Vicki (aged 14) in Byzantium! (page 115).]
Gaius Calaphilus is present at the defeat of Caratacus, King of the British Catuvellauni tribe.
[According to Byzantium! page 89. No date is given, though it could be read that this was the year of the invasion. I am using the historical date.]
The Emperor Claudius dies, and is succeeded by Nero.
[A decade before Byzantium! page 18. The date is historical.]
c. 54 AD
Christianity reaches Byzantium. One of the earliest converts is a Jewish girl named Ruth. Hieronymous bar Johoiachin, a local Jewish leader, arranged for her to be stoned to death.
[According to Byzantium! page 39.]
A group of Zealots begin a rebellion in Byzantium.
[This was five years ago, according to Byzantium! page 272.]
Benjamin's father is executed by the Romans.
[This happened when he was 12, and in Byzantium! he is 16 (page 41).]
Prasutagas, king of the Iceni tribe, dies. He passes his land jointly to his daughters and the Roman Empire. Roman agents attempt to assert direct rule and rape Prasutagas' daughters whilst Governor Paulinus was fighting in Wales. Prasutagas' widow, Boudicca, who had been flogged, tries and executes the rapists, mutilating and displaying their bodies. She declares war on the Romans, and is soon joined by the Trinovantes.
[According to Human Nature page 40, which dates Boudicca's rebellion as circa 62 AD.]
The Iceni attack Camulodunum, Verulanium, and Londinium. They massacre the inhabitants and burn the cities to the ground. Governor Suetonius Paulinus, whose forces include General Gaius Calaphilus, defeat them at Manduessedum. Boudicca commits suicide.
[According to Human Nature which gives the later placenames of Colchester, St Albans, and London on pages 40-41. Gaius Calaphilus's presence is mentioned on Byzantium! page 49, and he comments on the causes on page 18, which dates this as two years ago (hence 62 AD). I have gone for the historical dates.]
Jacob Besallas is killed by the Romans. His sons, Matthew and Simeon, carry on leading the Byzantine Zealots.
[Two years before Byzantium! page 42.]
1st Century AD
The War Lords kidnapped a Roman legion at some point during the Empire.
[The War Lords / The Eight Doctors. The troops recognise Picts, (so it's after the invasion of Britain) Gauls, and Romans. In The Eight Doctors, Christianity is a new religion and the Emperor thinks it's a problem; so this was probably about 62AD, which is when Emperor Nero started persecuting Christians.]
Scaroth's sixth segment posed as a Roman Emperor.
[City Of Death. There is no information to suggest which emperor.]
Agrinella divorces Governor Thalius Maximus and marries Senator Germanicus Vinicius. Her ex-husband marries lady Jocelyn.
[The divorce is less than a year before Byzantium! page 54.]
February 64 AD
Seneca, prefect of Pompeii, dies. He is replaced by Tigellinus.
[This happened a month before Byzantium! page 47.]
June/July 64 AD
The TARDIS materialises near Rome and falls off a cliff.
June/July 64 AD
MORE SHORT TRIPS: ROMANS CUTAWAY
A lion attacks the servant in charge of a Roman villa. The dying man asks the Doctor to watch over the villa until his master returns. The lion dies when Ian drops a rock on it.
[This is clearly set between the last scene of The Rescue and the start of The Romans. In The Romans, they have been in the villa for about a month.]
March 64 AD
In Byzantium there is a Zealot attack in the marketplace. Over one hundred and sixty people die in the resulting chaos. One survivor, a Briton, is taken into the household of Senator Thalius Maximus. He helps forge an alliance between Thalius and General Gaius Calaphilus. The two men discover treason, and begin a purge of the city. This results in much bloodshed, merely a week after the incident in the marketplace. At the same time, Hieronymous bar Jehoiachin, a Jewish leader, is subject to scandal after taking a Gentile woman into his home. A Greek family get into trouble for adopting a troublesome teenaged orphan, and some local Christians are helped by a stranger in their efforts to put together Mark's gospel from scraps of parchment.
[This is set between the last scene of The Rescue and the start of The Romans. However, it contradicts More Short Trips: Romans Cutaway, which fits the scenario at the start of The Romans much better. The Doctor gives the date as 14 March on page 28. This is several days before the main body of the book, which takes place over sixteen days.]
June/July 64 AD
The first Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Vicki spent a month resting in a villa near Rome. The Doctor and Vicki then visited Nero's court, where the Doctor was mistaken for a Lyre player. Meanwhile, Ian and Barbara were briefly captured by slave traders. Nero Caesar decided to burn down Rome, inspired by the Doctor's accidental burning of plans for a new Rome.
[The date is the historical date of the burning of Rome.]
In Rome, construction begins on The Colosseum.
[According to the Doctor in State of Change (page 187).]
A Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire ends with the fall of Jerusalem and the total destruction of the Temple. The few remaining Zealots retreat to the fortress of Masada, where they will hold out for another three years.
[Mentioned in Short Trips: The Last Days. The date is not given, but this is the historical date.]
SHORT TRIPS: THE LAST DAYS
Jewish rebels besieged in Masada commit suicide when they finally realise that there is no chance of escape. Due to the interference of Ian Chesterton the rebels had killed an extra 107 Roman soldiers and, for a while, looked as if they might win. Ian, Barbara and two Jewish women survived the siege. Ian and Barbara were saved from death when the Doctor, who had been in the Roman camp, claimed they were his spies.
[No date is given, but this is the historical date.]
c. 73 AD
Byzantium finally becomes part of a Roman Province, losing even its nominal independence.
[According to Barbara in Byzantium! page 29.]
The Roman Emperor at this time was Antonius Pius. His rule could be described as a "Golden Age".
[According to the Doctor in State of Change (page 7).]
c. 150 AD
This was the heyday of gladiatorial combat
[In State of Change (page 197), the Doctor claims that this was a century or two in the future from around 50 BC]
c. 243 AD
The Doctor challenged Fenric to solve a chess puzzle in Constantinople. Fenric's failure allowed the Doctor to imprison him in a flask and banish him to the Shadow Dimensions.
[The Curse of Fenric. This was probably the seventh Doctor.]
3rd Century AD
By the end of this century, the Cult of Demnos was believed to have died out.
[The Masque of Mandragora.]
11th May 330 AD
Byzantium is renamed Constantinople.
[According to Barbara (in Byzantium! page 29) this happens in 200 years time (from 64 AD). However, Constantine, (Emperor from 274 to 337) actually changed the name on 11th May 330, having made it the joint capital in 324. This is mentioned, but not dated, in Shadowmind page 32.]
The Rani kidnapped Hypatia for her Time Brain.
[Time and the Rani. The dates given are her lifespan.]
4th Century AD
The Doctor saved two Aristophanes plays from the fire that destroyed the Great Library of Alexandria.
[According to Timewyrm: Apocalypse page 48. The date is not stated, but the library's demise was around this period.]
4th Century AD
The inhabitants of a Roman villa in the valley three miles north-west of [the future location of] Llanfer Ceriog disappear. They form the initial human inhabitants of the land of Tír Na n-Óg. They quickly get involved in a thousand-year war with the other species, before becoming friends for centuries.
[According to Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark.]