A History of the Whoniverse

The Nineteenth Century (1801-1900).

'Ah, Josiah. So you've finally evolved into a Victorian. How quaint.'
- The Seventh Doctor in Ghost Light

ALT c. Early July 1804 AD

The Man in the Velvet Mask

Aliens reconfigured Earth inside a pocket universe in order to experiment with "reality control". In this universe the Marquis de Sade ruled France with the help of dwarf scientist Minski, whilst Satanist king "Mad George Hannover" of England was planning to invade France. This pocket universe was ended when the Doctor and Dodo found themselves inside it.

[The date is given on a poster as Le 24 Messidor. XII (p. 13). The Doctor translates this as 1804 (p. 14), and suggests it's early July, assuming the poster is recent.]

1805 AD

Admiral Nelson wins the battle of Trafalgar.

[Terri Willis mentions the year the battle happened in The Murder Game (p. 64).]

r. 26th December 1806 AD

The villagers in Middleton begin an annual Cutty Wren Boxing Day tradition centred around a mysterious black sphere which shows lights and produces food when struck.

[In The Cutty Wren (Short Trips: The Ghosts of Christmas) the morris master says that the ritual dates back to his great-great-grandad's day (p. 54), so we're estimating it's about 100 years.]

8th April 1809 AD

Joseph Sundvik is born.

[We see his tombstome in The Curse of Fenric.]

c. 1811 AD

The Poet William Blake temporarily vanished.

[As seen in The Pit. He's said to be both 54 (p. 83) and 50 (p.275). Since the figure of 54 is the one given from his perspective it's the one more likely to be correct.]

1812 AD

Greeks Bearing Gifts

An alien prison transport arrives on Earth, near Cardiff, with one prisoner and one guard. The prisoner kills the guard and possesses a nearby girl. She then rips out the heart of a nearby soldier. Over the next two hundred years she will keep the body and continue to rip out hearts a a means of sustenance.

[The year is given in a caption. Tosh estimates that it was 196 years and either 11 or 11.5 months before the main story, which would make it closer to 1810, so she's a year or two out.]

c. 1812 AD

During the Peninsular War, the Doctor is with a British rifle brigade when he meets Sir Arthur Wellesley (better known by his later title of the Duke of Wellington).

[Or so he claims in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 20). The war lasted from 1807 to 1814 with the most important battles being in 1812.]

h. 1812 AD

The Doctor is a prisoner of the French at Salamanca, where he meets Napoleon. He tells Napoleon that an army marches on its stomach.

[The battle of Salamanca happened in 1812 during the Penninsular War. The Doctor claims to have been present, and met Napoleon in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 20). He mentions his conversation with Napoleon in Day of the Daleks (ep. 1). In reality Bonaparte was at the other end of Europe during this battle.]

c. 1812 AD

The War Lords kidnap soldiers from the Peninsular War.

[There's a Peninsular War zone on the map in The War Games. The war lasted from 1807 to 1814, with 1812 being probably the most important year of the war.]

1813 AD

The Nemesis Statue again passes near Earth, possibly making Napoleon more warlike.

[Silver Nemesis (dates established in ep. 2). The effect is suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

1814 AD

Beau Brummel tells the first Doctor that he looks better in a cloak.

[The Doctor claims this in The Sensorites (ep. 5). Brummel lived 1778-1840, and was a big name in London fashion between around 1797 and 1816. The exact date is arbitrary.]

18th June 1815 AD

Wellington defeats Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo. By the end of the battle the French forces were spent, with only two battalions of the old guard remaining. The final reserve force was charged with protecting Napoleon, but by evening the advance of the allied troops had forced them to retreat. A Major General Fergus Lethbridge-Stewart is present at the battle. Colonel Nettleton is killed by stray musket fire minutes before the battle ends. Afterwards, Wellington tells the Doctor that "the only thing sadder than a battle lost is a battle won."

[The date is written on a blackboard in Human Nature (TV) and some details are mentioned in Smith's history lesson. General Lethbridge-Stewart's presence is mentioned by the Brigadier in The Dying Days (p.179) and The Scales of Injustice (p. 185). Colonel Nettleton is mentioned in The Ghosts of N-Space (ep. 2 / p.81, with more detail in the novel). The fourth Doctor dates the Wellington quote to “just after” the battle in The Eight Doctors (p. 107), but that detail might be name-dropping.]

c. July 1815 AD

Louisa Nettleton, aged 12, becomes the ward of Paolo Verconti on the death of her mother. She is taken to his ancestral home when he returns home from England.

[Her father died at Waterloo, and her mother soon after. In the radio version of The Ghosts of N-Space Paolo says this (ep. 2). In the novel, it's narrated from Louisa's point of view (p.81).]

1816 AD

Lord Byron, Percy and Mary Shelley, Claire Godwin, and John Polidori swap ghost stories at the Villa Diodati.

[According to narration from the Brigadier's point of view in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 122). This event led to the writing of Frankenstein and Dracula,]

1818 AD

The Ghosts of N-Space

Louisa Nettleton commits suicide by walking off a cliff. This follows the accidental death of her lover Guiseppe. She becomes a ghost. At the same time, Maximilian escapes from imprisonment in N-space.

[The Doctor gives the year (p. 63 / ep. 2).]

r. 1819 AD

Ben Tolliver is born.

[He is over 60 years old in Evolution (p. 3 & 5), which we've dated to 1880.]

1820 AD

Reverend Thomas Bright surveys the Nine Travellers stone circle. After this, Cessair of Diplos poses as Mrs Trefusis for 60 years before posing as Señora Camara.

[Emilia Rumford gives the year of Bright's survey in The Stones of Blood (ep. 1). De Vries gives the length of time “Mrs Trefusis” was around, but not the dates. I've assumed this follows straight on.]

3rd July 1820 AD

Florence Sundovik is born.

[According to her gravestone in The Curse of Fenric]

1821 AD

The Sands of Time

Napoleon Bonaparte nearly tells his friend Jean Tombier what he saw in the Great Pyramid in 1798, but then decides that nobody would believe him.

[The date is given in a section heading (p. 220).]

c. Autumn 1821 AD

The Mark of the Rani

The Rani was collecting brain fluid during the industrial revolution. She was thwarted by the Doctor. At the same time, the Doctor prevented the Master from changing history at a meeting where George Stephenson was showing off his most recent steam engine.

[Stephenson was in Killingworth from 1804 to 1824. The mention of Luddite riots strongly suggests it's between 1811 and 1817, but the fact that Thomas Liddell is Baron Ravensworth means it has to be after 17th July 1821. The guest list includes people who weren't available for a meeting in England between 1813 and 1815 (Faraday and Davy), and May-August 1821 (Brunel). Given all this, the best placement is probably Autumn 1821.

Complicating this is the fact that the TARDIS is on course for Kew Gardens, which opened to the public in 1840. Whilst they've been taken off-course the Doctor says that the time co-ordinates have not been changed, and later confirms that the date of Stephenson's meeting is 2 days away. A deleted scene has Peri saying that it's a Royal Open Day, so maybe it's just a special event.]

c. 1822 AD

The Grimm brothers discover the Law of Consonantal Shift, a key insight into how language changes over the years.

[The Doctor mentions this, but doesn't date it, in State of Decay (ep. 2). Jacob Grimm published it in 1822.]

r. Autumn 1824 AD

A creature dubbed "the Beast of Fang Rock" kills 2 lighthouse keepers and drives the third insane on Fang Rock island.

[Reuben says that this was[80 years before Horror of Fang Rock (ep. 2).]

r. 1825 AD

Sir Edward Fulbright is born.

[He is in his fifties in Evolution (p. 31).]

r. 23rd November 1826 AD

The woman who would become Edith Rose Waterfield is born.

[In Downtime her grave gives her date of death and her age at death (p. 261).]

1827 AD

A whaler in the new community on the Novrosk Penninsula sends a letter to his sister describing a mysterious death.

[Minin mentions the letter in The Deviant Strain (p. 58).]

r. September 1832 AD

Russell Evans is born.

[He is "in his sixties" in The Sands of Time (p. 101).]

h. 1834 AD

The houses of Parliament burn down.

[Polly mentions this in The Roundheads (p. 41).]

c. 1837 AD

The first Doctor may have given Hans Christian Anderson the idea for The Emperor's New Clothes.

[He tells Vicki this in The Romans (ep. 3). The story was first published in 1837.]

1838 AD

The Nemesis Statue comes near Earth, possibly heralding the Opium Wars.

[The year is given in Silver Nemesis (ep.2), and the effect suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

h. 28th June 1838 AD

The Doctor may have been at Queen Victoria's coronation.

[He claims to have seen it in The Curse of Peladon (ep. 4), though initially he's unsure whether it was Victoria or Elizabeth I.]

r. Spring 1839 AD

A Chinese Fowling Piece is fired for the last time. The weapon will eventually be owned by Professor Litefoot.

[Litefoot says it hasn't been fired for 50 years in The Talons of Weng Chiang (ep.3).]

r. 27th June 1841 AD

Iziah Brown is born.

[He looks "about forty-five" in A Town Called Eternity (p. 26).]

1842 AD

Augustus Fulbright restores parts of Fulbright Hall and adds a lot to the building.

[The year is given by Edward Fulbright in Evolution (p. 8).]

January 1842 AD

Mire and Clay (Short Trips: A Universe of Terrors)

A few years after the British Raj occupied Afghanistan as a buffer against Russian expansion there is an anti-British uprising in Kabul. Akbar Khan - son of the deposed ruler - negotiated a surrender. 5,000 British and Indian soldiers and 11,000 civilians are offered safe passage to Jalalabad, only to be attacked by snipers, horsemen, and looters. Only one man would ultimately make it to Jalalabad. The British would later come with a new army and show no mercy in retaking the country. During these events Ian Chesterton is captured and tortured by an Afghan leader.

[The year is given in narration from Ian's perspective (p.13). If we go by the historical dates the TARDIS arrives in November or December 1841 and Ian's imprisonment lasts into February.]

March 1843 AD

All-Consuming Fire (Prologue & Epilogue)

The first Doctor and Susan meet Siger Holmes in India and learn of the native belief in a gateway to another world. The seventh Doctor came and watched this conversation.

[The date is given in a caption. (p.1, p. 302)]

est. 1845 AD

The Doctor met Brunel and acquired his business card.

[We see the card in The Two Doctors (ep. 1). Assuming this is Isambard Kingdom Brunel, he lived 1806-1859.]

2nd October 1845 AD

ARIES: The True and Indisputable Facts in the Case of the Ram’s Skull (Short Trips: Zodiac)

Edgar Allen Poe attends a séance, centred around a ram's skull. The skull begins to gain some kind of flesh at the expense of one of the guests. Poe and an old man called the Doctor set fire to the head, ending this at the cost of the girl's life. Poe writes an account of the events, in which he feels that the being is now attempting to possess him. The next day Poe is found on the streets disoriented and ill. He is taken to hospital, only to die there on the 7th of October.

[The story is presented as Poe's written account and gives the date (p.5)]

r. September 1848 AD

James McReady is born

[He is said to be both approaching 50 and about Kenilworth's age by The Sands of Time (p. 102). We've put him at 48, one year older than Kenilworth.]

r. September 1849 AD

The future Lord Kenilworth is born.

[He is 47 by The Sands of Time (p. 4).]

r. 9th November 1849 AD

A new shop called Harrods opens in London.

[The Doctor says it's been open for 47 in The Sands of Time (p. 161).]

19th Century

Lord Aldbourne creates his own version of the Hell Fire Club in Devil's End. He and his friends play at devil worship aided by doxies from London and lots of laudanum. They frighten themselves into fits.

[According to narration from the Master's perspective in The Eight Doctors (p. 86).]

19th Century

Additions are made to the church in Crook Marsham.

[Some of the additions are Victorian, according to the Doctor in Nightshade (p. 32).]

19th Century

People stop calling the North Sea the German Ocean.

[Vida Swann estimates this was the 19th century in The Feast of the Drowned (p. 134).]

1851 AD

The Great Exhibition takes place in London.

[Nyssa and Tegan both mention the year in Time-Flight (ep. 1), because that's where the Doctor is trying to go.]

c. 1851 AD

The America crosses the Atlantic in 17 days during a race.

[Collier mentions this in Enlightenment (ep. 1). Assuming that this is the racing yacht of the same name, we've assumed a date of 1851 (the year that yacht won a race around the Isle of Wight, which kicked off the Americas cup). However, said yacht actually took 20 days to cross the Atlantic that year, and that wasn't in the middle of a race.]

1853 AD

Saul, the living church of Cheldon Bonniface, is baptised in his own font by Reverend Dominic Trelaw and the first Doctor.

[As mentioned in narration in Timewyrm: Revelation (p. 4).]

r. 2nd June 1854 AD

J. Clark Maxwell experiments with electromagnetism at the same time as Michael Faraday experiments with static electricity. This research would later assist Theodore Maxtible's research into time travel.

[Maxtible says this was twelve years ago in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 2).]

h. 25th October 1854 AD

The Doctor witnesses the "magnificent folly" that was the Charge of the Light Brigade. Their commander, Lord Cardigan, would be seen as a hero. The Doctor may have sustained a leg injury at the same time.

[He claims to have seen the charge in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 3). He mentions Lord Cardigan's role In Kursaal (p. 278). He claims to have been injured in Crimea in The Sea Devils (ep. 1),though he then lists two other military campaigns in which he may have received the wound.]

h. 5th November 1854 AD

During the battle of Inkerman Arthur Terrall is injured. One person who died was the uncle of Mollie, who would later be Theodore Maxtible's maid.

[Mollie mentions this in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 3).]

1855 AD

A war involving British troops is fought in the Crimea. During this war the War Lords kidnap a battlefield.

[We briefly see a Crimean veteran in Human Nature (TV). The Crimean zone is mentioned in The War Games (ep. 8), and is visible on the map. The war lasted from 1853 to 1856, the exact date is arbitrary.]

c. 1856 AD

Mr Golightly moves to London.

[It is said to have been “about '56” in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 91). It is 50 years before the main story]

r. 27th June 1856 AD

Old Josh spends 5 dollars on the elixir of life in Chicago. Within a week, he has lost 35 years, stopping in his twenties. He subsequently ages one year for every ten.

[He says this happened when he was eighty in A Town Called Eternity (Short Trips and Side Steps) (p. 17). It's also said to have been 30 years ago (p. 29).]

1857 AD

Charles Dodgeson photographs Victoria Waterfield,.

[As seen in Downtime (p.1-2). The date is given in a caption.]

1858 AD

Dorothy Frances Gurney is born.

[The Doctor mentions this in Option Lock (p. 13).]

r. Spring 1859 AD

Henry Gordon Jago begins working in the entertainment business.

[He has spent 30 years “in the halls” by The Talons of Weng Chiang (ep. 1).]

1860 AD

The Doctor once claimed that he had no idea what happened in this year.

[In The Unquiet Dead.]

1860 AD

Brigadier-General Litefoot visits China on a punitive expedition. His son grows up there.

[Professor Litefoot mentions this in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 2).]

r. 1860 AD

Isambard Kingdom Brunel dies.

[This was 20 years ago, according to Tolliver in Evolution (p. 6). The real Brunel died on 19th September 1859.]

1861 AD

The Malicious Damage Act is passed. One provision covers lighthouses.

[The Doctor mentions this in Horror of Fang Rock (ep. 3).]

r. 1861 AD

Alice Fulbright is born

[She is 19 in Evolution (p. 8).]

c. 1862 AD

The War Lords steal an American Civil War battlefield.

[We first see this zone in The War games (ep. 3). Zoe estimates that it's 1862. The war lasted from 1861 to 1865.]

r. 24th December 1862 AD

In Cardiff a girl called Gwyneth loses both parents to the 'flu. She is taken in by the local undertaker, Mr Sneed.

[She says that this when she was 12 in The Unquiet Dead. Her age is not stated, so I arbitrarily assume she's the same age as Rose (19), putting this seven years earlier.]

1863 AD

The Nemesis Statue comes close to Earth, possibly exacerbating the American Civil War.

[This is established in Silver Nemesis (ep. 2), with the effect being suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

h. 19th November 1863 AD

Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg Address.

[As seen on the Time/Space Visualiser in The Chase (ep. 1)]

23rd November 1863 AD

Victoria Waterfield's mother Edith Rose dies. Her father would take Victoria to visit the grave.

[Her death is mentioned in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 2). Her name and date is from here gravestone, seen in Downtime (p. 37). The visits to the grave are mentioned, but not dated, in Father Figure (Short Trips: Farewells) (p. 18).]

r. September 1864 AD

Margaret Evans is born.

[She is “probably in her early thirties” by The Sands of Time (p. 101).]

est. 1865 AD

Magnus Greel arrives in China from the 51st Century. Li H'sen Chang shelters him, believing him to be the god Weng Chiang. Greel's time cabinet is taken by soldiers. It will eventually end up in the possession of the Emperor, and then the Litefoot family.

[Chang says he sheltered him for “many months” in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 4). No year is given, but this has to have been a very long time before the Litefoots took the time cabinet back to London in 1873.]

r. 1865 AD

Rudyard Kipling is born. As are his future classmates L.C. Dunsterville, and George Beresford.

[They are all 15 in Evolution (p. 45). Kipling's real date of birth was 30th December 1865.]

r. 1865 AD

Lord Kelvin lays the first transatlantic telegraph cables.

[This was fifteen years before Evolution (p. 107). In real life this was in 1865, though it did not go into service until 28th July 1866.]

r. 2nd June 1865 AD

The Daleks trace Theodore Maxtible's time-travel experiments. They secure his assistance by promising the Philosophers Stone. They also kidnap Victoria Waterfield to secure her father Edward's support. Maxtible closes off the south wing of his home in order to do experiments with the Daleks.

[This is the background to The Evil of the Daleks. Maxtible's maid Mollie says that the south wing was closed “a twelve month back” (ep. 3).]

1866 AD

The chess championships had begun by this point. K9 Mark 2 would at some point be programmed with records of them.

[He says he is programmed with every championship game from 1866 onwards in The Androids of Tara (ep. 1).]

2nd June 1866 AD

The Evil of the Daleks

Theodore Maxtible and Edward Waterfield bring the Doctor and Jamie to 1866 from 1966 and, with the Daleks, force them to perform a series of tests to isolate the "human factor". These four and Victoria Waterfield are then taken through time and space to Skaro.

[Maxtible gives the date (ep. 2). In Father Figure (Short Trips: Farewells) Victoria thinks that The Web of Fear happened "almost exactly 100 years" after this story (p. 17).]

c. 1868 AD

The Doctor claims to have been friends with Thomas Huxley.

[In Logopolis (ep. 3), where he quotes Huxley's 1868 work A Liberal Education]

r. 1868 AD

A girl called Lucy is born.

[According to Evolution (p. 63) she was about 10 when she was taken for Percival Ross's experiments.]

Feburary 1868 AD

Birthright (DWM Prelude)

The seventh Doctor adds the value of Victoria Waterfield's estate to an account he has with with the Coutts Bank. He then takes her to visit her aunt Margaret.

[The account is seen in Birthright (p. 37), where Susan, Sarah, Mel and Benny are co-signatories. The date is given in the Prelude, published in DWM #203.]

h. 1869 AD

Little Women is written.

[We hear a quote in The Mind Robber (ep. 4).]

r. 1869 AD

The Watson family begins farming in East Ridge, Texas.

[In Short Trips: Repercussions (p. 157) Thomas Watson notes that the farm has fed three generations of Watsons. Since he's been working the farm for 20 years, I've guessed that this is a period of 50 years.]

24th December 1869 AD

The Unquiet Dead

There is a ghostly apparition at a performance by Charles Dickens in Cardiff, which causes the audience to flee in panic. Later that night there is an explosion at local undertakers Sneed and Company, which destroys all the bodies in the morgue and kills the undertaker and his servant. This was all caused by the Gelth trying to use the Cardiff rift to invade Earth.

[The Doctor gets the date from a newspaper.]

1870 AD

Robert and Donald Jamieson go out onto Tulloch Moor. Donald disappears, whilst Richard is found two days later, driven insane by what he saw. He never speaks again.

[According to Angus MacRanald in Terror of the Zygons (ep. 1).]

r. 1870 AD

Joshua Anders is born.

[He is “only 10” in Evolution (p. 85).]

1871 AD

Heinrich Schliemann excavates Troy, proving it is not just a legend.

[The Doctor mentions this in The Stones of Blood (ep. 2). Schliemann's excavations took place between 1871-1873 and 1878-1879.]

1871 AD

Soldiers may have been taken from this year by he War Lords.

[Von Weich tells Private Moor he's in the Britsh army in 1871 when re-brainwashing him in The War Games (ep. 6).. However, the only major war this year was the Franco-Prussian War, which didn't involve any British troops.]

1871 AD

The Doctor meets Tsar Nicholas of Russia at the Drei Kaiser Bund - a meeting of the Emperors of Russia, Germany, and the Austo-Hungarian Empire. He suggests that Nicholas listen to the Liberation Movement - particularly Tolstoy and Stakhovich.

[Or so he claims in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 51). In reality the Drei Kaiser Bund was an alliance between these three powers between the years 1873-1878 and 1880-1887, making this name drop particularly unlikely to be true.]

Spring 1871 AD

Set Piece

The Doctor, Ace, Benny and Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart prevent Ship from processing the entire universe. Ace decides to leave the Doctor and join the Paris Commune, being the last to leave the barricades when they fell.

[The year is given in a caption (p. 62). In real life the commune fell at the end of May.]

h. 10th November 1871 AD

Stanley meets Dr. Livingstone.

[As mentioned by Redvers Fenn-Cooper in Ghost Light (ep. 1).]

r. 1872 AD

A girl called Vicki [not to be confused with the first Doctor's companion] is born.

[She is eight in Evolution (p. 61).]

3rd Feburary 1872 AD

Joseph Sundvik dies.

[We see his tombstone in The Curse of Fenric.]

h. 25th November 1872 AD

The Chase

The crew of the Mary Celeste abandon ship when the TARDIS and the Daleks land on board.

[The abandoned Mary Celeste was discovered in November.]

1873 AD

The Litefoot family returns home to Britain from China. Amongst the possessions they take with them is Magnus Greel's time cabinet, which had been given to Mrs Litefoot by T'ung Chi.

[Professor Litefoot says that this was in “seventy three” in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 4).]

1873 AD

Strange England

The Doctor helps Time Lady Galah to travel to Earth and marry Gothic novelist Richard Aickland.

[The Doctor gives the year (p. 229).]

1873 AD

Heinrich Schliemann finds the so-called treasure of Priam whilst excavating Troy. Among these are a head-dress which he identifies as the Jewels of Helen.

[The Doctor and Ellen Carter discuss the find in Past Reckoning (Decalog 3) (p. 119).]

r. 13th January 1874 AD

Emmeline Seers is born.

[She is 20 by January 1894 according to The Bodysnatchers (p. 41).]

1874 AD

Invasion of the Cat-People

Atimkos, Polly and three students travel to this time from 1994 using two RTC units. They meet Udentkista and Tarwildbaning.

[Atimkos says that they've just got back from 1874 (p. 134). Tarwildbaning says that Udentkista was sure that Atimkos and/or Thorgarsunella would get there by 1875 (p. 127).]

1874 AD

The Nine Travellers are surveyed (again).

[Emilia Rumford mentions this in The Stones of Blood (ep. 1),]

r. Autumn 1874 AD

Reuben joins the lighthouse service. He would spend 20 years working in gas lighthouses.

[He says that this was 30 years ago in Horror of Fang Rock (ep. 1).]

c. 1875 AD

The Doctor tells Alexander Graham Bell that wires are unreliable.

[Or so he claims in The Android Invasion (ep. 2). Bell lived 1847-1922 and patented the telephone in 1876.]

est. 1875 AD

The Scarman family have a folly, called Old Priory, built complete with priestholes. Marcus and Laurence play in it as boys.

[The Doctor says it is “Victorian” in Pyramids of Mars (ep. 2). There's no evidence of the Scarman brothers' ages, but around 35 years before the story is plausible.]

r. 13th January 1876 AD

Mary Dobbs is born.

[She is 18 by January 1894 according to The Bodysnatchers (p. 41).]

January 1878 AD

Cleopatra's Needle is lost on its journey from Alexandria to London. However, its wooden casket is found floating in the ocean and is towed to London.

[According to The Sands of Time (p. 282).]

r. 1878 AD

Lucy is the first child to be changed by Percival Ross, after Cherry – the man who looked after her – was killed.

[This happened almost two years before Evolution (p. 64).]

c. 1879 AD

Tooth and Claw

Queen Victoria's annual train journey to Balmorral is interrupted by a tree on the line. She travels to Torchwood House by coach, and her host Sir Robert dies whilst she is there, as do several of the household's staff and some of her escort. Rumours that the deaths were caused by a werewolf circulate around the area. As a result of these events, Victoria resolves to create the Torchwood Institute to deal with unexplained events.

[The Doctor says that it's 1879, though since the TARDIS has gone off course it's unclear how he comes by this figure. The story has to be after Albert's death in December 1861. Since tie-in websites confirm the Doctor's date we've chosen to assume he guessed right.]

r. 1879 AD

Thomas Alva Edison invents the incandescent lightbulb.

[“Last year”, according to Breckinridge in Evolution (p. 136). Edison invented his lightbulb in 1879.]

r. 1879 AD

Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone to Queen Victoria.

[A year before Evolution (p. 108). Historically this happened on 14th January 1878.]

r. 4th September 1879 AD

A Greld named Brokk steals three ampules from the Semquess. His ship is caught in the Sol system. He destroys his pursuer but is forced to crash-land on Earth.

[Brokk has been on Earth for over 20,000 days in Eye of the Giant (p. 175).]

r. 26th October 1879 AD

Johnny Ringo begins a search for Doc Holliday and Ringo's ex-lover Kate.

[He says this was two years before The Gunfighters (ep. 3).]

1880 AD

The Sands of Time

George Vulliamy's bronze sphinxes are added to Cleopatra's Needle. However, whilst the original plaster Sphinxes were facing outwards, the workmen place the new sphinxes facing inwards.

[This is dated in a caption (p. 282).]

c. 1880 AD


Ben Tulliver dies in mysterious circumstances, attacked by two creatures from the sea. At the same time, Alice Fulbright becomes engaged to Lieutenant Roger Bridewell and a mysterious dog-like beast kills several animals on Dartmoor.

[Tolliver thinks its 1883 (p.6), but Sarah thinks its 1880 (p. 108). There are numerous references to historical events - including some given by Tolliver - which indicate with Sarah's date is correct (the most important is that Rudyard Kipling is 15), so that's when we've set it. It's a week before term starts (p. 84), but there's no indication if that's Autumn, Spring, or Summer term.]

1881 AD

Inspector Mackenzie disappears after investigating bizarre goings on at Gabriel Chase.

[The Doctor gives the year in Ghost Light (ep. 2).]

1881 AD

American humorist Franklin Adams is born.

[The Doctor mentions Adams' year of birth in The Seeds of Doom (ep. 4).]

c. Early 1881 AD

Doc Holliday shoots Reuben Clanton dead.

[Ike Clanton mentions this in The Gunfighters (ep. 1). There is no indication how long this was before the story and, since Reuben is a fictional addition to the family there is no historical date.]

r. 27th June 1881 AD

A man called Jack moves to Eternity, California.

[Five years before A Town Called Eternity (p. 9).]

h. 26th October 1881 AD

The Gunfighters

Jonny Ringo finds Doc Holliday in Tombstone, Texas. Events climax with a shoot-out at the OK Corral.

[The story takes place over two days. The date given above is the second day.]

c. 24th December 1882 AD

Dorothée is at the Café Momus in the Latin Quarter of Paris with George Seurat, when she becomes aware that she is being watched.

[This was on Christmas Eve, well over a century before events in 2001, according to Lungbarrow (p. 11-12) Seurat lived 1859 - 1891. The exact year is arbitrary.]

est. 1883 AD

The first Doctor acquires an Ulster coat from Gilbert and Sullivan.

[Or so he claims in The Edge of Destruction (ep. 2). They collaborated 1875-1896. The exact date is arbitrary.]

est. 1883 AD

The Rani kidnaps Louis Pasteur for her time brain.

[This is established in Time and the Rani (ep. 4). Pasteur lived 1822-95. The date is arbitrary.]

c. 1883 AD

Ghost Light

Josiah Smith disappears from his house, Gabriel Chase. Rumours of hauntings, mesmerism, plots to kill the queen, ape-men and angels follow. The house remains abandoned for a century.

[Ace says that 1881 was “two years ago” (ep. 2). Ace burning down the house in the 1980s is repeatedly said to be a hundred years later (ep. 2, 3), though that figure is almost certainly not precise.]

1883 AD

He mentions this in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 95).

h. August 1883 AD

The Doctor witnesses the eruption of Krakatoa, where he hears “Primords”.

[He mentions this in Inferno (ep. 3). The fact that he recognises the sound means he probably isn't name-dropping.]

h. August 1883 AD

A picture of the ninth Doctor washes up on a beach in Sumatra.

[We see the picture in Rose, and Clive claims that this was the day Krakatoa erupted.]

25th December 1883 AD

Attack of the Graske

A Graske arrives in a London street and replaces a beggar boy with a duplicate. It is unclear whether the substitution was temporary.

[The Doctor gives the year and says that it is Christmas day.]

1884 AD

The book Up the Amazon with rifle and camera is published. The book includes details of fungi eaten by natives in the Amazon.

[Professor Jones gives the date in The Green Death (ep. 3).]

1885 AD


Herbert George Wells travels to the future of the planet Karfel and later returns to his own timezone.

[The Doctor calculates the date (ep. 1).]

25th December 1885 AD

The Little Drummer Boy (Short Trips: Companions)

The TARDIS briefly lands in Victorian England.

[Robert tells the Doctor that it's Christmas Day 1885 (p. 154).]

r. 27th December 1885 AD

Following a minor earth tremor Sarah Brown discovers the fountain of youth not far from the Brown ranch in Eternity, California.

[Iziah Brown says this was “six months” before A Town Called Eternity (Short Trips and Side Steps) (p. 30).]

r. 27th June 1886 AD

A Town Called Eternity (Short Trips and Side Steps)

Mysterious beasts attack animals near the town of Eternity California. The Sheriff lays an ambush for them, but is killed. A new Sheriff takes over. Four days later, two of Iziah Brown's wives die in mysterious circumstances, the new Sheriff disappears, and the animals are never seen again.

[The Doctor says that it's the 1880s (p. 13) and they're “twenty years too late” to worry about killing Abraham Lincoln (p. 14). Old Josh was born 110 years ago, a week before the Declaration of Independence (p. 17).]

r. 27th June 1886 AD

The man who would later become Sheriff of Eternity, California first moves to the town.

[Thirty years before A Town Called Eternity (p. 9).]

r. 27th June 1886 AD

The town of Eternity, California gets a new sheriff.

[The Sheriff has been in post for ten years before A Town Called Eternity (p. 9).]

1887 AD

All-Consuming Fire

Pope Leo XIII hires Sherlock Holmes and Watson to investigate thefts from the library of St. John the Beheaded. The trail leads to India and a gateway to the world of Ry'leh.

[The year is given in both Watson's (p. 5) and Benny's (p. 153) diaries and Watson says that Krakatoa was four years ago (p. 290). On the other hand, the Doctor claims to be lodging with Professor Litefoot (p.42), and to have left the TARDIS there (p.297), suggesting this is after The Talons of Weng-Chiang - which has to take place after 1888. The easiest way to reconcile this is to assume the Doctor isn't being entirely truthful about the location of the TARDIS.]

c. 1888 AD

The first Doctor gains a medical degree in Glasgow under Lister.

[The second Doctor tells Polly this in The Moonbase (ep. 2), but isn't entirely sure of the details. If it happened, it must have been in his first incarnation. In System Shock the Doctor puts this in his CV, dating it 1880 (p. 88). We've arbitrarily gone with the earlier date. In reality Lister left Glasgow in 1869.]

c. 1888 AD

The Doctor takes lessons with John L. Sullivan.

[Or so he claims in Carnival of Monsters (ep. 2). Sullivan lived 1858-1818, and was the first heavyweight boxing champion from 1882 to 1892. The actual date is arbitrary.]

1888 AD

The Nemesis Statue approaches Earth, possibly heralding various late 19th century wars.

[This is established in Silver Nemesis (ep. 2), with the effect being suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

13th September 1888 AD

The Pit

The Doctor and William Blake discover the truth about [some of] the Jack the Ripper murders.

[Blake finds a paper dated 13th September 1888. An alternative explanation for Jack the Ripper is seen in Matrix.]

r. Autumn 1888 AD

Joseph Buller marries Emma Gusset. They move in with Emma's mother.

[According to P.C. Quick this happened six months before The Talons of Weng Chiang (ep. 2).]

1889 AD

The Women's Franchise League is formed.

[According to Emmeline Seers in The Bodysnatchers (p. 42).]

r. Spring 1889 AD

Mrs Samuelson spends seventeen and thruppence on the wardrobe. At around the same time Emma Buller is hypnotised by Li H'Sen Chang during a show at the London Palace Theatre.

[Emma's hypnotism “last week” is mentioned by her husband in The Talons of Weng Chiang (ep. 1), and the wardrobe spend is mentioned by Jago (ep. 4).]

r. Spring 1889 AD

Emma Buller returns to the London Palace Theatre and disappears.

[Her husband says this was “last night”in The Talons of Weng Chiang (ep. 1).]

c. Spring 1889 AD

The Talons of Weng-Chiang

Following a series of disappearances of young girls, Henry Gordon Jago and Professor Litefoot investigate and track down the culprit - Magnus Greel from the 51st century.

[Casey mentions the Ripper (ep. 1) so it's after 1888. The Bodysnatchers (p. 37) establishes this as about five years before January 1894. Therefore we've arbitrarily set this in Spring 1889.]

r. 13th January 1890 AD

Mary Dobbs begins working as a housemaid for the Seers family.

[Four years before The Bodysnatchers (p. 42).]

1891 AD

The last recorded human sacrifice occurs in Moreton Harwood.

[According to Vince Wilson in K9 and Company.]

December 1893 AD

The Christmas edition of The Strand contains the original printing of the pivotal Sherlock Holmes story The Final Problem.

[We see a copy in The Bodysnatchers (p. 12).]

r. 18th December 1893 AD

Nathaniel Seers, owner of a bottle-making factory changes. When one of his employees called Tom injures his hand in an accident at the factory Seers sacks him on the spot instead of offering his usual philanthropy.

[This was before Christmas, and less than a month ago in The Bodysnatchers (p.5-6)]

13th January 1894 AD

The Bodysnatchers

Professor Litefoot is asked to examine the body of Tom Donahue, which was found in the Thames. Shortly after this, the Seers Superior Bottles factory on the Thames is burnt down, and many East-Enders report seeing giant lizards eating people.

[The TARDIS says that it is arriving on "11.01.1894" (p. 15). Christmas was three weeks ago (p.6). The story lasts until 13 January 1894 (p.173). Jack the Ripper was 6 years ago (p. 6), rather than the more accurate figure of 5 and a bit years. Litefoot recalls The Talons of Weng-Chiang as being 5 years ago (p. 37)]

7th February 1894 AD

Thomas Reginald Brockless is born. His the only son of Constance May Bassett and Thomas Campbell Brockless.

[Tommy gives the exact date and his parents' names in To The Last Man]

r. April 1896 AD

Hulton College School is either founded or moves into a new building. It acquires the motto Maius Intra Qua Extra - bigger on the inside than on the outside.

[According to Joan, it's been in its current building for eighteen years before Human Nature (novel) p. 170 (April 1914). It's unclear whether this was the start of the school or whether the school moved building and changed its motto.]

September 1896 AD

The Sands of Time

Lord Kenilworth is joined by his butler Atkins and a stranger called the Doctor in his expedition to Egypt. They uncover an Egyptian tomb with various artefacts, including a mummy. However, traps within the tomb and walking mummies kill two expedition members and one of their Egyptian workers.

[The date is given in a caption (p. 4). Lord Kenilworth set out from Egypt going home seven weeks before November the ninth (p. 159)]

9th November 1896 AD

The Sands of Time

Lord Kenilworth's Egyptian expedition arrives back in London and unloads its finds.

[The date of arrival is given in narration (p. 159)]

10th November 1896 AD

The Sands of Time

The mummy from Lord Kenilworth's Egyptian expedition is unwrapped.

[We see an invite to the unwrapping (p. 29).]

1897 AD

Benjamin Wainwright is born.

[According to his gravestone in Blink.]

January 1897 AD

The body of a man called Simons crumbles into dust in an Egyptian tomb.

[The date is given in a caption in The Sands of Time (p. 174).]

c. 1897 AD

The Doctor claimed to have helped "Bertie Wells" with invisibility experiments.

[he Doctor claims this in The Ghosts of N-Space (ep. 1/ p. 31). Wells wrote The Invisible Man in 1897.]

h. 28th December 1897 AD

The play Cyrano de Bergerac is first performed in Paris.

[Bergerac appears in the land of fiction in The Mind Robber (ep.5).]

12th January 1898 AD

Florence Sundvik dies.

[The date is given on her tombstone in The Curse of Fenric.]

4th March 1898 AD

Mary Eliza Millington is born.

[The date is given on her tombstone in The Curse of Fenric.]

7th March 1898 AD

Mary Eliza Millington dies.

[The date is given on her tombstone in The Curse of Fenric.]

12th May 1898 AD

Edmund Trevithick is born.

[We see a file with the exact date in Nightshade (p. 111).]

r. 1899 AD

Tom Watson begins working on the family farm.

[In The Farmer's Story (Short Trips: Repercussions) he says he's been working it for 20 years (p. 159) Since he isn't married but hopes one day to have a son (p. 160) this is probably when he was old enough to start working.]

c. 1900 AD

The War Lords lifted a battlefield from the Boer War.

[Zoe mentions the Boer War zone in The War games (ep. 8). The Boer War was 1899-1902.]

c. 1900 AD

Rocastle fought in the Boer War. He would later go on to become headmaster of Farringham School for Boys.

[Rocastle mentions fighting in South Africa in The Family of Blood, which must be a reference ot the Boer War.]

h. 23rd January 1900 AD

Oliver Redfern dies in the battle of Spion Kop. One of the other soldiers there was Alexander Shuttleworth's uncle.

[Joan Redfern mentions her husband's death in Human Nature (TV), and Alexander Shuttleworth mentions his uncle in Human Nature (novel) (p.110). Historically, the battle lasted 2 days. We've used the first day.]

h. 17th May 1900 AD

The first Doctor visits the Relief of Mafeking. The events of the siege would be recounted in the book The Definitive Account of Mafeking by Aitchinson Price.

[The Doctor menions his trip in The Daleks' Masterplan (ep. 8) - the nature of the reference makes it unlikely but not impossible that it's a name-drop. The book appears in Human Nature (TV).]

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