A History of the Whoniverse

The Nineteenth Century (1801-1900).

'So you've finally evolved into a Victorian. How quaint.'
- The Doctor in Ghost Light

ALT c. Early July 1804 AD

The Man in the Velvet Mask

Aliens reconfigured Earth inside a pocket universe in order to experiment with "reality control". In this universe the Marquis de Sade ruled France with the help of dwarf scientist Minski, whilst Satanist king "Mad George Hannover" of England was planning to invade France. This pocket universe was ended when the Doctor and Dodo found themselves inside it.

[The date is given on a poster as Le 24 Messidor. XII (p. 13). The Doctor translates this as 1804 (p. 14), and suggests it's early July, assuming the poster is recent.]

1805 AD

Admiral Nelson wins the battle of Trafalgar.

[Terri Willis mentions the year the battle happened in The Murder Game (p. 64).]

8th April 1809 AD

Joseph Sundvik is born.

[We see his tombstome in The Curse of Fenric.]

c. 1811 AD

The Poet William Blake temporarily vanished.

[As seen in The Pit. He's said to be both 54 (p. 83) and 50 (p.275). Since the figure of 54 is the one given from his perspective it's the one more likely to be correct.]

1812 AD

Greeks Bearing Gifts

An alien prison transport arrives on Earth, near Cardiff, with one prisoner and one guard. The prisoner kills the guard and possesses a nearby girl. She then rips out the heart of a nearby soldier. Over the next two hundred years she will keep the body and continue to rip out hearts a a means of sustenance.

[The year is given in a caption. Tosh estimates that it was 196 years and either 11 or 11.5 months before the main story, which would make it closer to 1810, so she's a year or two out.]

c. 1812 AD

During the Peninsular War, the Doctor is with a British rifle brigade when he meets Sir Arthur Wellesley (better known by his later title of the Duke of Wellington).

[Or so he claims in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 20). The war lasted from 1807 to 1814 with the most important battles being in 1812.]

h. 1812 AD

The Doctor is a prisoner of the French at Salamanca, where he meets Napoleon. He tells Napoleon that an army marches on its stomach.

[The battle of Salamanca happened in 1812 during the Penninsular War. The Doctor claims to have been present, and met Napoleon in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 20). He mentions his conversation with Napoleon in Day of the Daleks (ep. 1). In reality Bonaparte was at the other end of Europe during this battle.]

c. 1812 AD

The War Lords kidnap soldiers from the Peninsular War.

[There's a Peninsular War zone on the map in The War Games. The war lasted from 1807 to 1814, with 1812 being probably the most important year of the war.]

1813 AD

The Nemesis Statue again passes near Earth, possibly making Napoleon more warlike.

[Silver Nemesis (dates established in ep. 2). The effect is suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

1814 AD

Beau Brummel tells the first Doctor that he looks better in a cloak.

[The Doctor claims this in The Sensorites (ep. 5). Brummel lived 1778-1840, and was a big name in London fashion between around 1797 and 1816. The exact date is arbitrary.]

18th June 1815 AD

Wellington defeats Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo. By the end of the battle the French forces were spent, with only two battalions of the old guard remaining. The final reserve force was charged with protecting Napoleon, but by evening the advance of the allied troops had forced them to retreat. A Major General Fergus Lethbridge-Stewart is present at the battle. Colonel Nettleton is killed by stray musket fire minutes before the battle ends. Afterwards, Wellington tells the Doctor that "the only thing sadder than a battle lost is a battle won."

[The date is written on a blackboard in Human Nature (TV) and some details are mentioned in Smith's history lesson. General Lethbridge-Stewart's presence is mentioned by the Brigadier in The Dying Days (p.179) and The Scales of Injustice (p. 185). Colonel Nettleton is mentioned in The Ghosts of N-Space (ep. 2 / p.81, with more detail in the novel). The fourth Doctor dates the Wellington quote to “just after” the battle in The Eight Doctors (p. 107), but that detail might be name-dropping.]

c. July 1815 AD

Louisa Nettleton, aged 12, becomes the ward of Paolo Verconti on the death of her mother. She is taken to his ancestral home when he returns home from England.

[Her father died at Waterloo, and her mother soon after. In the radio version of The Ghosts of N-Space Paolo says this (ep. 2). In the novel, it's narrated from Louisa's point of view (p.81).]

1816 AD

Lord Byron, Percy and Mary Shelley, Claire Godwin, and John Polidori swap ghost stories at the Villa Diodati.

[According to narration from the Brigadier's point of view in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 122). This event led to the writing of Frankenstein and Dracula,]

1818 AD

The Ghosts of N-Space

Louisa Nettleton commits suicide by walking off a cliff. This follows the accidental death of her lover Guiseppe. She becomes a ghost. At the same time, Maximilian escapes from imprisonment in N-space.

[The Doctor gives the year (p. 63 / ep. 2).]

r. 1819 AD

Ben Tolliver is born.

[He is over 60 years old in Evolution (p. 3 & 5), which we've dated to 1880.]

1820 AD

Reverend Thomas Bright surveys the Nine Travellers stone circle. After this, Cessair of Diplos poses as Mrs Trefusis for 60 years before posing as Señora Camara.

[Emilia Rumford gives the year of Bright's survey in The Stones of Blood (ep. 1). De Vries gives the length of time “Mrs Trefusis” was around, but not the dates. I've assumed this follows straight on.]

3rd July 1820 AD

Florence Sundovik is born.

[According to her gravestone in The Curse of Fenric]

1821 AD

The Sands of Time

Napoleon Bonaparte nearly tells his friend Jean Tombier what he saw in the Great Pyramid in 1798, but then decides that nobody would believe him.

[The date is given in a section heading (p. 220).]

c. Autumn 1821 AD

The Mark of the Rani

The Rani was collecting brain fluid during the industrial revolution. She was thwarted by the Doctor. At the same time, the Doctor prevented the Master from changing history at a meeting where George Stephenson was showing off his most recent steam engine.

[Stephenson was in Killingworth from 1804 to 1824. The mention of Luddite riots strongly suggests it's between 1811 and 1817, but the fact that Thomas Liddell is Baron Ravensworth means it has to be after 17th July 1821. The guest list includes people who weren't available for a meeting in England between 1813 and 1815 (Faraday and Davy), and May-August 1821 (Brunel). Given all this, the best placement is probably Autumn 1821.

Complicating this is the fact that the TARDIS is on course for Kew Gardens, which opened to the public in 1840. Whilst they've been taken off-course the Doctor says that the time co-ordinates have not been changed, and later confirms that the date of Stephenson's meeting is 2 days away. A deleted scene has Peri saying that it's a Royal Open Day, so maybe it's just a special event.]

c. 1822 AD

The Grimm brothers discover the Law of Consonantal Shift, a key insight into how language changes over the years.

[The Doctor mentions this, but doesn't date it, in State of Decay (ep. 2). Jacob Grimm published it in 1822.]

r. 1825 AD

Sir Edward Fulbright is born.

[He is in his fifties in Evolution (p. 31).]

1827 AD

A whaler in the new community on the Novrosk Penninsula sends a letter to his sister describing a mysterious death.

[Minin mentions the letter in The Deviant Strain (p. 58).]

h. 1834 AD

The houses of Parliament burn down.

[Polly mentions this in The Roundheads (p. 41).]

c. 1837 AD

The first Doctor may have given Hans Christian Anderson the idea for The Emperor's New Clothes.

[He tells Vicki this in The Romans (ep. 3). The story was first published in 1837.]

1838 AD

The Nemesis Statue comes near Earth, possibly heralding the Opium Wars.

[The year is given in Silver Nemesis (ep.2), and the effect suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

h. 28th June 1838 AD

The Doctor may have been at Queen Victoria's coronation.

[He claims to have seen it in The Curse of Peladon (ep. 4), though initially he's unsure whether it was Victoria or Elizabeth I.]

1842 AD

Augustus Fulbright restores parts of Fulbright Hall and adds a lot to the building.

[The year is given by Edward Fulbright in Evolution (p. 8).]

January 1842 AD

Mire and Clay (Short Trips: A Universe of Terrors)

A few years after the British Raj occupied Afghanistan as a buffer against Russian expansion there is an anti-British uprising in Kabul. Akbar Khan - son of the deposed ruler - negotiated a surrender. 5,000 British and Indian soldiers and 11,000 civilians are offered safe passage to Jalalabad, only to be attacked by snipers, horsemen, and looters. Only one man would ultimately make it to Jalalabad. The British would later come with a new army and show no mercy in retaking the country. During these events Ian Chesterton is captured and tortured by an Afghan leader.

[The year is given in narration from Ian's perspective (p.13). If we go by the historical dates the TARDIS arrives in November or December 1841 and Ian's imprisonment lasts into February.]

March 1843 AD

All-Consuming Fire (Prologue & Epilogue)

The first Doctor and Susan meet Siger Holmes in India and learn of the native belief in a gateway to another world. The seventh Doctor came and watched this conversation.

[The date is given in a caption. (p.1, p. 302)]

est. 1845 AD

The Doctor met Brunel and acquired his business card.

[We see the card in The Two Doctors (ep. 1). Assuming this is Isambard Kingdom Brunel, he lived 1806-1859.]

19th Century

Lord Aldbourne creates his own version of the Hell Fire Club in Devil's End. He and his friends play at devil worship aided by doxies from London and lots of laudanum. They frighten themselves into fits.

[According to narration from the Master's perspective in The Eight Doctors (p. 86).]

1851 AD

The Great Exhibition takes place in London.

[Nyssa and Tegan both mention the year in Time-Flight (ep. 1), because that's where the Doctor is trying to go.]

c. 1851 AD

The America crosses the Atlantic in 17 days during a race.

[Collier mentions this in Enlightenment (ep. 1). Assuming that this is the racing yacht of the same name, we've assumed a date of 1851 (the year that yacht won a race around the Isle of Wight, which kicked off the Americas cup). However, said yacht actually took 20 days to cross the Atlantic that year, and that wasn't in the middle of a race.]

1853 AD

Saul, the living church of Cheldon Bonniface, is baptised in his own font by Reverend Dominic Trelaw and the first Doctor.

[As mentioned in narration in Timewyrm: Revelation (p. 4).]

r. 2nd June 1854 AD

J. Clark Maxwell experiments with electromagnetism at the same time as Michael Faraday experiments with static electricity. This research would later assist Theodore Maxtible's research into time travel.

[Maxtible says this was twelve years ago in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 2).]

h. 25th October 1854 AD

The Doctor witnesses the "magnificent folly" that was the Charge of the Light Brigade. He may have sustained a leg injury at the same time.

[He claims to have seen the charge in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 3). He claims to have been injured in Crimea in The Sea Devils (ep. 1),though he then lists two other military campaigns in which he may have received the wound.]

h. 5th November 1854 AD

During the battle of Inkerman Arthur Terrall is injured. One person who died was the uncle of Mollie, who would later be Theodore Maxtible's maid.

[Mollie mentions this in The Evil of the Daleks (ep. 3).]

1855 AD

A war involving British troops is fought in the Crimea. During this war the War Lords kidnap a battlefield.

[We briefly see a Crimean veteran in Human Nature (TV). The Crimean zone is mentioned in The War Games (ep. 8), and is visible on the map. The war lasted from 1853 to 1856, the exact date is arbitrary.]

c. 1856 AD

Mr Golightly moves to London.

[It is said to have been “about '56” in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 91). It is 50 years before the main story]

1858 AD

Dorothy Frances Gurney is born.

[The Doctor mentions this in Option Lock (p. 13).]

1860 AD

The Doctor once claimed that he had no idea what happened in this year.

[In The Unquiet Dead.]

1860 AD

Brigadier-General Litefoot visits China on a punitive expedition. His son grows up there.

[Professor Litefoot mentions this in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 2).]

r. 1860 AD

Isambard Kingdom Brunel dies.

[This was 20 years ago, according to Tolliver in Evolution (p. 6). The real Brunel died on 19th September 1859.]

1861 AD

The Malicious Damage Act is passed. One provision covers lighthouses.

[The Doctor mentions this in Horror of Fang Rock (ep. 3).]

r. 1861 AD

Alice Fulbright is born

[She is 19 in Evolution (p. 8).]

c. 1862 AD

The War Lords steal an American Civil War battlefield.

[We first see this zone in The War games (ep. 3). Zoe estimates that it's 1862. The war lasted from 1861 to 1865.]

r. 24th December 1862 AD

In Cardiff a girl called Gwyneth loses both parents to the 'flu. She is taken in by the local undertaker, Mr Sneed.

[She says that this when she was 12 in The Unquiet Dead. Her age is not stated, so I arbitrarily assume she's the same age as Rose (19), putting this seven years earlier.]

1863 AD

The Nemesis Statue comes close to Earth, possibly exacerbating the American Civil War.

[This is established in Silver Nemesis (ep. 2), with the effect being suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

h. 19th November 1863 AD

Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg Address.

[As seen on the Time/Space Visualiser in The Chase (ep. 1)]

est. 1865 AD

Magnus Greel arrives in China from the 51st Century. Li H'sen Chang shelters him, believing him to be the god Weng Chiang. Greel's time cabinet is taken by soldiers. It will eventually end up in the possession of the Emperor, and then the Litefoot family.

[Chang says he sheltered him for “many months” in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 4). No year is given, but this has to have been a very long time before the Litefoots took the time cabinet back to London in 1873.]

r. 1865 AD

Rudyard Kipling is born. As are his future classmates L.C. Dunsterville, and George Beresford.

[They are all 15 in Evolution (p. 45). Kipling's real date of birth was 30th December 1865.]

r. 1865 AD

Lord Kelvin lays the first transatlantic telegraph cables.

[This was fifteen years before Evolution (p. 107). In real life this was in 1865, though it did not go into service until 28th July 1866.]

r. 2nd June 1865 AD

The Daleks trace Theodore Maxtible's time-travel experiments. They secure his assistance by promising the Philosophers Stone. They also kidnap Victoria Waterfield to secure her father Edward's support. Maxtible closes off the south wing of his home in order to do experiments with the Daleks.

[This is the background to The Evil of the Daleks. Maxtible's maid Mollie says that the south wing was closed “a twelve month back” (ep. 3).]

1866 AD

The chess championships had begun by this point. K9 Mark 2 would at some point be programmed with records of them.

[He says he is programmed with every championship game from 1866 onwards in The Androids of Tara (ep. 1).]

2nd June 1866 AD

The Evil of the Daleks

Theodore Maxtible and Edward Waterfield bring the Doctor and Jamie to 1866 from 1966 and, with the Daleks, force them to perform a series of tests to isolate the "human factor". These four and Victoria Waterfield are then taken through time and space to Skaro.

[Maxtible gives the date (ep. 2).]

c. 1868 AD

The Doctor claims to have been friends with Thomas Huxley.

[In Logopolis (ep. 3), where he quotes Huxley's 1868 work A Liberal Education]

r. 1868 AD

A girl called Lucy is born.

[According to Evolution (p. 63) she was about 10 when she was taken for Percival Ross's experiments.]

Feburary 1868 AD

Birthright (DWM Prelude)

The seventh Doctor adds the value of Victoria Waterfield's estate to an account he has with with the Coutts Bank. He then takes her to visit her aunt Margaret.

[The account is seen in Birthright (p. 37), where Susan, Sarah, Mel and Benny are co-signatories. The date is given in the Prelude, published in DWM #203.]

h. 1869 AD

Little Women is written.

[We hear a quote in The Mind Robber (ep. 4).]

24th December 1869 AD

The Unquiet Dead

There is a ghostly apparition at a performance by Charles Dickens in Cardiff, which causes the audience to flee in panic. Later that night there is an explosion at local undertakers Sneed and Company, which destroys all the bodies in the morgue and kills the undertaker and his servant. This was all caused by the Gelth trying to use the Cardiff rift to invade Earth.

[The Doctor gets the date from a newspaper.]

1870 AD

Robert and Donald Jamieson go out onto Tulloch Moor. Donald disappears, whilst Richard is found two days later, driven insane by what he saw. He never speaks again.

[According to Angus MacRanald in Terror of the Zygons (ep. 1).]

r. 1870 AD

Joshua Anders is born.

[He is “only 10” in Evolution (p. 85).]

1871 AD

Heinrich Schliemann excavates Troy, proving it is not just a legend.

[The Doctor mentions this in The Stones of Blood (ep. 2). Schliemann's excavations took place between 1871-1873 and 1878-1879.]

1871 AD

Soldiers may have been taken from this year by he War Lords.

[Von Weich tells Private Moor he's in the Britsh army in 1871 when re-brainwashing him in The War Games (ep. 6).. However, the only major war this year was the Franco-Prussian War, which didn't involve any British troops.]

1871 AD

The Doctor meets Tsar Nicholas of Russia at the Drei Kaiser Bund - a meeting of the Emperors of Russia, Germany, and the Austo-Hungarian Empire. He suggests that Nicholas listen to the Liberation Movement - particularly Tolstoy and Stakhovich.

[Or so he claims in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 51). In reality the Drei Kaiser Bund was an alliance between these three powers between the years 1873-1878 and 1880-1887, making this name drop particularly unlikely to be true.]

Spring 1871 AD

Set Piece

The Doctor, Ace, Benny and Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart prevent Ship from processing the entire universe. Ace decides to leave the Doctor and join the Paris Commune, being the last to leave the barricades when they fell.

[The year is given in a caption (p. 62). In real life the commune fell at the end of May.]

h. 10th November 1871 AD

Stanley meets Dr. Livingstone.

[As mentioned by Redvers Fenn-Cooper in Ghost Light (ep. 1).]

r. 1872 AD

A girl called Vicki [not to be confused with the first Doctor's companion] is born.

[She is eight in Evolution (p. 61).]

3rd Feburary 1872 AD

Joseph Sundvik dies.

[We see his tombstone in The Curse of Fenric.]

h. 25th November 1872 AD

The Chase

The crew of the Mary Celeste abandon ship when the TARDIS and the Daleks land on board.

[The abandoned Mary Celeste was discovered in November.]

1873 AD

The Litefoot family returns home to Britain from China. Amongst the possessions they take with them is Magnus Greel's time cabinet, which had been given to Mrs Litefoot by T'ung Chi.

[Professor Litefoot says that this was in “seventy three” in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (ep. 4).]

1873 AD

Strange England

The Doctor helps Time Lady Galah to travel to Earth and marry Gothic novelist Richard Aickland.

[The Doctor gives the year (p. 229).]

1873 AD

Heinrich Schliemann finds the so-called treasure of Priam whilst excavating Troy. Among these are a head-dress which he identifies as the Jewels of Helen.

[The Doctor and Ellen Carter discuss the find in Past Reckoning (Decalog 3) (p. 119).]

1874 AD

The Nine Travellers are surveyed (again).

[Emilia Rumford mentions this in The Stones of Blood (ep. 1),]

1874 AD

Invasion of the Cat-People

Atimkos, Polly and three students travel to this time from 1994 using two RTC units. They meet Udentkista and Tarwildbaning.

[Atimkos says that they've just got back from 1874 (p. 134). Tarwildbaning says that Udentkista was sure that Atimkos and/or Thorgarsunella would get there by 1875 (p. 127).]

c. 1875 AD

The Doctor tells Alexander Graham Bell that wires are unreliable.

[Or so he claims in The Android Invasion (ep. 2). Bell lived 1847-1922 and patented the telephone in 1876.]

January 1878 AD

Cleopatra's Needle is lost on its journey from Alexandria to London. However, its wooden casket is found floating in the ocean and is towed to London.

[According to The Sands of Time (p. 282).]

r. 1878 AD

Lucy is the first child to be changed by Percival Ross, after Cherry – the man who looked after her – was killed.

[This happened almost two years before Evolution (p. 64).]

c. 1879 AD

Tooth and Claw

Queen Victoria's annual train journey to Balmorral is interrupted by a tree on the line. She travels to Torchwood House by coach, and her host Sir Robert dies whilst she is there, as do several of the household's staff and some of her escort. Rumours that the deaths were caused by a werewolf circulate around the area. As a result of these events, Victoria resolves to create the Torchwood Institute to deal with unexplained events.

[The Doctor says that it's 1879, though since the TARDIS has gone off course it's unclear how he comes by this figure. The story has to be after Albert's death in December 1861. Since tie-in websites confirm the Doctor's date we've chosen to assume he guessed right.]

r. 1879 AD

Thomas Alva Edison invents the incandescent lightbulb.

[“Last year”, according to Breckinridge in Evolution (p. 136). Edison invented his lightbulb in 1879.]

r. 1879 AD

Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone to Queen Victoria.

[A year before Evolution (p. 108). Historically this happened on 14th January 1878.]

r. 26th October 1879 AD

Johnny Ringo begins a search for Doc Holliday and Ringo's ex-lover Kate.

[He says this was two years before The Gunfighters (ep. 3).]

1880 AD

The Sands of Time

George Vulliamy's bronze sphinxes are added to Cleopatra's Needle. However, whilst the original plaster Sphinxes were facing outwards, the workmen place the new sphinxes facing inwards.

[This is dated in a caption (p. 282).]

c. 1880 AD

Evolution

Ben Tulliver dies in mysterious circumstances, attacked by two creatures from the sea. At the same time, Alice Fulbright becomes engaged to Lieutenant Roger Bridewell and a mysterious dog-like beast kills several animals on Dartmoor.

[Tolliver thinks its 1883 (p.6), but Sarah thinks its 1880 (p. 108). There are numerous references to historical events - including some given by Tolliver - which indicate with Sarah's date is correct (the most important is that Rudyard Kipling is 15), so that's when we've set it. It's a week before term starts (p. 84), but there's no indication if that's Autumn, Spring, or Summer term.]

1881 AD

Inspector Mackenzie disappears after investigating bizarre goings on at Gabriel Chase.

[The Doctor gives the year in Ghost Light (ep. 2).]

1881 AD

American humorist Franklin Adams is born.

[The Doctor mentions Adams' year of birth in The Seeds of Doom (ep. 4).]

c. Early 1881 AD

Doc Holliday shoots Reuben Clanton dead.

[Ike Clanton mentions this in The Gunfighters (ep. 1). There is no indication how long this was before the story and, since Reuben is a fictional addition to the family there is no historical date.]

h. 26th October 1881 AD

The Gunfighters

Jonny Ringo finds Doc Holliday in Tombstone, Texas. Events climax with a shoot-out at the OK Corral.

[The story takes place over two days. The date given above is the second day.]

c. 24th December 1882 AD

Dorothée is at the Café Momus in the Latin Quarter of Paris with George Seurat, when she becomes aware that she is being watched.

[This was on Christmas Eve, well over a century before events in 2001, according to Lungbarrow (p. 11-12) Seurat lived 1859 - 1891. The exact year is arbitrary.]

est. 1883 AD

The first Doctor acquires an Ulster coat from Gilbert and Sullivan.

[Or so he claims in The Edge of Destruction (ep. 2). They collaborated 1875-1896. The exact date is arbitrary.]

est. 1883 AD

The Rani kidnaps Louis Pasteur for her time brain.

[This is established in Time and the Rani (ep. 4). Pasteur lived 1822-95. The date is arbitrary.]

c. 1883 AD

Ghost Light

Josiah Smith disappears from his house, Gabriel Chase. Rumours of hauntings, mesmerism, plots to kill the queen, ape-men and angels follow. The house remains abandoned for a century.

[Ace says that 1881 was “two years ago” (ep. 2). Ace burning down the house in the 1980s is repeatedly said to be a hundred years later (ep. 2, 3), though that figure is almost certainly not precise.]

1883 AD

He mentions this in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 95).

h. August 1883 AD

The Doctor witnesses the eruption of Krakatoa, where he hears “Primords”.

[He mentions this in Inferno (ep. 3). The fact that he recognises the sound means he probably isn't name-dropping.]

h. August 1883 AD

A picture of the ninth Doctor washes up on a beach in Sumatra.

[We see the picture in Rose, and Clive claims that this was the day Krakatoa erupted.]

25th December 1883 AD

Attack of the Graske

A Graske arrives in a London street and replaces a beggar boy with a duplicate. It is unclear whether the substitution was temporary.

[The Doctor gives the year and says that it is Christmas day.]

1884

The book Up the Amazon, which includes details of fungi eaten by Amazon Basin natives, is published.

[The Green Death.]

1884

About this time, London's docks were bustling with activity.

[According to the Doctor in Resurrection of the Daleks.]

1885

TIMELASH

Herbert George Wells travels to the future of the planet Karfel and later returns to his own timezone.

[The Doctor calculates the date.]

1885

The Doctor claimed to have helped "Bertie Wells" with invisibility experiments.

[The Ghosts of N-Space.]

25th December 1885

SHORT TRIPS COMPANIONS: THE LITTLE DRUMMER BOY

The TARDIS briefly lands in Victorian England.

[Robert tells the Doctor that it's Christmas Day 1885 on page 154.]

1886

Following a minor earth tremor, Sarah Brown discovers the fountain of youth not far from the Brown ranch.

[Six months before Short Trips and Side Steps: A Town Called Eternity.]

1886

SHORT TRIPS AND SIDE STEPS: A TOWN CALLED ETERNITY

Mysterious beasts attack animals near the town of Eternity. The Sheriff lays an ambush for them, but is killed. A new Sheriff takes over. Four days later, two of Iziah Brown's wives dies in mysterious circumstances, the new Sheriff disappears, and the animals are never seen again.

[The Doctor says that it's the 1880s on page 13. Old Josh was born 110 years ago, a week before the Declaration of Independence on page 17.]

1886

Additions are made to the church in Crook Marsham.

[Some of the additions are Victorian, according to the Doctor in Nightshade, page 32. The exact date is arbitrary.]

1887

ALL CONSUMING FIRE

Pope Leo XIII hires Sherlock Holmes and Watson to investigate thefts from the library of St. John the Beheaded. The trail leads to India and a gateway to the world of Ry'leh.

[The date is on page 5 & page 153. Dialogue indicates that it's after The Talons of Weng Chiang (1889), though this could possibly be referring to other events. Before this story, the Doctor once claimed to have met Holmes (Timewyrm: Revelation), but this would have to be later in Holmes' timeline).]

1887

The Polish Occultist Zarrenhof invents a 'universal language' called Esperanto.

[According to the Doctor in Legacy of the Daleks.]

1888

The first Doctor gains a medical degree in Glasgow under Lister.

[According to The Moonbase (which gives the date), presumably this was before 100,000 BC. System Shock places this in 1880, when Lister actually was at Glasgow. This is, however, probably a typo on the Doctor's part.]

1888

The Doctor spars with John L. Sullivan.

[Carnival of Monsters. The date is uncertain.]

1888

THE PIT

The Doctor and William Blake discover the truth about [some of] the Jack the Ripper murders.

[Blake finds a paper dated 13th September 1888. However, Matrix offers a different perspective on the cause of these events.]

1888

The Nemesis Statue approaches Earth, possibly heralding various late 19th century wars.

[Silver Nemesis. The effects were suggested in The Terrestrial Index.]

1889

The Women's Franchise League is formed.

[According to The Bodysnatchers page 42.]

1889

Mary Dobbs begins working as a housemaid for the Seers family.

[Four years before The Bodysnatchers page 42.]

1889

Joseph Buller marries Emma Gusset. They move in with Emma's mother.

[This was six months before The Talons of Weng Chiang.]

1889

Henry Gordon Jago's wife spends £17 and thruppence on her wardrobe. Emma Buller is hypnotised by Li H'Sen Chang during a show at the London Palace Theatre.

[This was a week before The Talons of Weng Chiang.]

1889

Emma Buller returns to the London Palace Theatre and disappears.

[This was the night before The Talons of Weng Chiang.]

1889

THE TALONS OF WENG CHIANG

Following a series of disappearances of young girls, Henry Gordon Jago and Professor Litefoot investigate and track down the culprit - Magnus Greel from the 51st century.

[This happens after Jack the Ripper (1888). References to the Ripper being in Canada suggest that it may be the same time as Prince Albert Victor's tour of the colonies, late 1889-may 1890. On the other hand, there are references to this story in All Consuming Fire, set in 1887. The Bodysnatchers (page 37) establishes this as about five years before January 1894.]

1891

The last recorded human sacrifice occurs in Moreton Harwood.

[According to Wilson in K9 and Company.]

c. 1892

The Doctor takes boxing lessons from John L Sullivan

[The Doctor mentions, but doesn't date, this event in Carnival of Monsters episode 2. I've dated it to the year Sullivan was heavyweight boxing champion.]

Christmas 1893

The Christmas edition of The Strand contains the original printing of the pivotal Sherlock Holmes story The Final Problem.

[According to The Bodysnatchers page 12.]

Christmas 1893

Nathaniel Seers, owner of a bottle-making factory changes. When one of his employees injures his hand in an accident at the factory, Seers sacks him on the spot instead of offering his usual philanthropy.

[This was three weeks before The Bodysnatchers page 6, and just before Christmas on page 55.]

11th January - 13th January 1894

THE BODYSNATCHERS

Professor Litefoot is asked to examine the body of Tom Donahue, which was found in the Thames. Shortly after this, the Seers Superior Bottles factory on the Thames is burnt down, and many East-Enders report seeing giant lizards eating people.

[The TARDIS says that it is arriving on "11.01.1894" on page 15. It is six years since Jack the Ripper on page 2, Christmas was about a month ago on pages 5-6, and three weeks ago on page 6. The Talons of Weng-Chiang was five years ago, according to Litefoot on page 37. It is 13 January 1894 by page 173.]

1894

Tower Bridge is built.

[The Doctor says that it is less than 25 years before The Clockwise Man page 69, which is set in 1924. I've used the historical date it was finished, rather than the Doctor's date.]

1895

Umberto Callanti is born.

[The Ghosts of N-Space (page 39).]

1895

The British Government learns of Extraterrestrial lifeforms.

[According to the Brigadier, this was over a century before The Dying Days (1997) chapter 4, page 8. The actual date is arbitrary.]

1895

Hulton College School is either founded or moves into a new building. It acquires the motto Maius Intra Qua Extra - bigger on the inside than on the outside.

[According to Joan, it's been in its current building for eighteen years before Human Nature page 170 (April 1914). It's unclear whether this was the start of the school or whether the school moved building and changed its motto.]

1895

Abner joins Joanna Harris' vampire coven.

[Barely over a century before Vampire Science page 150.]

July 1896

Lord Kenilworth sets out on an expedition to Egypt

[Four months before The Sands of Time page 47 (instalment 2, page 6).]

September 1896

THE SANDS OF TIME

Lord Kenilworth is joined by his butler Atkins and a stranger called the Doctor in his expedition to Egypt. They uncover an Egyptian tomb with various artefacts, including a mummy. However, traps within the tomb and walking mummies kill two expedition members and one of their Egyptian workers.

[The date is given on page 4 (Installment 1 page 5). Lord Kenilworth set out from Egypt going home seven weeks before November the ninth on page 159 (instalment 6, page 16).]

Sunday 9th November - Monday 10th November 1896

THE SANDS OF TIME

Lord Kenilworth's Egyptian expedition arrives back in London and unloads its finds. Lord Kenilworth keeps the mummy, and arranges for it to be unwrapped.

[The date of the unwrapping is given on page 29 (instalment 1, page 30). The date of the arrival back in London is given on page 159 (installment 6, page 16).]

1897

Benjamin Wainwright is born.

[According to his gravestone in Blink.]

January 1897

The body of Simons crumbles into dust in an Egyptian tomb.

[The date is given on page 174 (instalment 6, page 32).]

28th December 1897

The play Cyrano de Bergerac is first performed in Paris.

[Bergerac appears in the land of fiction in episode five of The Mind Robber.]

12th January 1898

Florence Sundvik dies.

[As seen on a tombstone from The Curse of Fenric.]

3rd March 1898

Mary Eliza Millington is born.

[As seen on a tombstone from The Curse of Fenric.]

7th March 1898

Mary Eliza Millington dies.

[As seen on a tombstone from The Curse of Fenric.]

19th Century

Reverend Wainwright translates the Viking runes in the crypt of his church.

[As mentioned in The Curse of Fenric. This Reverend Wainright was the grandfather of the Reverend Wainwright we see in the story. The exact date and year of the translation is arbitrary, but I assume it is close to the dates given on the tombstones we see in the story.]

12th May 1898

Edmund Trevithick is born.

[By Nightshade page 8, he is 70, and the exact date is given on page 111.]

23rd-24th January 1900

Oliver Redfern dies in the battle of Spion Kop

[His widow Joan mentions this in Human Nature (TV). The date is historical.]

17th May 1900

The first Doctor visits the Relief of Mafeking. The events of the siege would be recounted in the book The Definitive Account of Mafeking by Aitchinson Price..

[The Daleks' Masterplan and The Invasion of Time. This must be after Planet of Giants, where he claims that he's never been to Africa. The book appears in Human Nature (TV).]

1990

The War Lords lifted battlefields from the Boxer Uprising and the Boer War.

[The War Games. The Boer War was 1899-1902. The Boxer Uprising was in 1900. Possibly they kidnapped soldiers from both wars and assumed that they were from the same war, easing the problem that the number of zones doesn't add up.]

c. 1990

Rocastle fought in the Boer War. He would later go on to become headmaster of Farringham School for Boys.

[This is mentioned in The Family of Blood.]

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