A History of the Whoniverse

The Early Twentieth Century (1901-1959)

'Early twentieth century isn't it, Doctor? '
'Yes. I'm afraid that we've landed up in the middle of one of the worst wars in human history.'
- Zoe and the Second Doctor in The War Games

c. 1901 AD

George Rocastle was a soldier in the Boer War. Arthur Redfern died at some point during the war.

[Rocastle wears his campaign medal in Human Nature (novel) (p.114). Joan mentions Arthur's death earlier in the book (p. 32), though it's only explicit that he died in the Boer war in the Prelude to Human Nature.]

est. 1901 AD

The first Doctor, Ben, and Polly briefly visit Mars. They leave a Millets tent behind.

[The Doctor says that his earlier self had been aiming for Victoria's coronation in 1901 in Please Shut the Gate (Short Trips and Side Steps) (p. 125). This has to be before December 1999 so we've arbitrarily assumed that the Doctor arrived in the year he was aiming for.]

r. Summer 1901 AD

An unnamed author begins writing the Captain Jack Harkaway stories for The Ensign, a weekly boy's magazine. He will continue this for 25 years, delivering 5000 words a week.

[He recalls that he wrote it for 25 years before his disappearance in The Mind Robber (ep. 4). The real life author of these stories was Frank Richards.]

c. 7th September 1901 AD

The first British submarine is launched.

[As reported in a newspaper with this date in Enlightenment (ep. 1).]

r. April 1904 AD

Kitty Hodges dies.

[Her husband recalls she's been dead for “ten years now” in Human Nature (novel) (p. 101).]

r. Autumn 1904 AD

A Rutan scout exploring the Solar System decides that Earth is a good point from which to launch a major assault on the Sontarans. His scout-ship develops a fault and falls to Earth.

[Just before Horror of Fang Rock (details established in ep. 4).]

c. Autumn 1904 AD

Horror of Fang Rock

The crew of the lighthouse on Fang Rock, in the English Channel, are all killed in mysterious circumstances as do the survivors of a yacht which has crashed on the island.

[The reference to “King Edward” (ep. 1) places it between 1901 and 1910. The beast was last seen “80 year ago now”, which was “in the 20s” (ep. 2). The exact date within that decade is arbitrary.]

h. 1905 AD

Einstein comes up with the theory of special relativity.

[This is mentioned by both K-9 and the Doctor in The Stones of Blood (ep. 3).]

est. 1905 AD

The Doctor taught the Mountain Mauler of Montana.

[Or so he claims in The Romans (ep. 2). The Mountain Mauler doesn't appear to be a real person, and is presumably a wrestler. Wikipedia says that wrestling was a genuine sport up until around 1920, so a date in the early 20th century seems most likely. Lance Parkin goes for 1901 in the Virgin edition of AHistory, and a more generic early 20th century in the Mad Norwegian editions.]

h. 1905 AD

The War Lords kidnap soldiers from the Russo-Japanese war.

[The War Chief mentions this in The War Games (ep. 8).]

est. 1905 AD

Timothy Latimer's uncle has a six month posting in Johannesburg.

[Timothy mentions this in Human Nature (TV), but doesn't indicate how long ago it was.]

h. 24th March 1905 AD

Jules Verne dies.

[Geoffrey Greystone mentions that he has been dead for “nigh on four years” in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 96). We've used the historical date of 24th March 1905.]

r. October 1905 AD

Beth is born. She would later become a domestic servant at The Imperial Club.

[She was 14 when she went into service, which was five years before The Clockwise Man (p. 63)]

1906 AD

Lady Edith Greystone dies.

[Her husband gives the date in 64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips) (p. 95).]

h. 18th April 1906 AD

A Rakshassi army is destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake by a gas explosion.

[We see this in All-Consuming Fire (p. 290-292), where Ace gives the year. We've used the precise historical date.]

c. Late April 1906 AD

After the Los Angeles earthquake, Joanna Harris' vampire coven buys the old Orpheum Theatre in San Francisco. They also discover "Weird Harold", a vampire who had been badly injured and buried himself to recover. His grave had been built over and the earthquake freed him, though he had been driven insane in the process.

[After the Los Angeles earthquake, Joanna Harris' vampire coven buys the old Orpheum Theatre in San Francisco. They also discover "Weird Harold", a vampire who had been badly injured and buried himself to recover. His grave had been built over and the earthquake freed him, though he had been driven insane in the process.]

r. Early 1908 AD

Sophia Barinska discovers the Arcane Collegiate ship buried underneath the Novrosk Penninsula.

[This was “almost a century” before The Deviant Strain (p. 205). We've arbitrarily placed this 99 years earlier.]

30th June 1908 AD

An object carrying the sentient drug Warlock falling from space impacts in Siberia. Its impact opens up the Great Divide, enabling the Charrl to cross from Antýkhon to Earth. The Third Doctor and Liz Shaw watched the impact from a safe distance, unaware of both Warlock and the Charrl.

[Warlock's presence on the meteorite is heavily implied in Warlock (p. 352-353). The impact opening the Great Divide is established in Birthright (p. 92-97), where Khan says it was "last year". The Doctor and Liz watch it in The Wages of Sin (p. 249-250), which gives the precise date.]

c. 1909 AD

64 Carlysle Street (More Short Trips)

Dorothea Chaplet became a servant to Lord and Lady Greystone for a short period. During this time, a Doctor befriended the household, looking for the Marquis of Rostock. The deaths, soon after, of Annabel Greystone and Mr Golightly were never accounted for.

[Golightly has been in London since '56 and it is now 50 or so years on (p. 91), thus it's around 1906. Christy Pankhurst has been imprisoned, so it's after 1905 (p. 93). Edith died in 1906 (p. 95), which was three years ago (p. 93). Jules Verne's death (in 1905) was “nigh on four years” ago (p. 96).]

1909 AD

Small Worlds (flashback)

Some British troops near Lahore get drunk and drive a truck into a young girl, killing her. A week later those soldiers are on a troop train near Lahore under the command of Jack Harkness. The train passes through a tunnel and when it comes out the other end 15 of the soldiers in that carriage have been suffocated with petals in their mouths, leaving Jack as the only survivor. They are all victims of the fairies.

[The date is given in an onscreen caption.]

Spring 1909 AD

Birthright

Jared Khan and the New Dawn secret society attempted to bring the alien Charrl to this time. This caused a number of deaths in London's East End.

[The date is given in captions at the beginning of every chapter in this timezone. The earliest is 3 February 1909 (p. 15) and the latest is 24 April 1909 (p. 203).]

est. 1910 AD

The Doctor met Dame Nellie Melba, learning her party piece of shattering wine glasses with a particular note.

[Or so he claims in The Power of Kroll (ep. 3), though it's not entirely clear that he's claiming to have met her. Melba lived from 1861-1931 and her singing career lasted from 1888 to her death.]

est. 1910 AD

The Doctor learnt escapology from Houdini.

[As mentioned in Planet of the Spiders (ep. 5) and Revenge of the Cybermen (ep. 4). Houdini lived 1874-1926 and we've arbitrarily placed this in the middle of his escapology career. Since the Doctor demonstrates escapology skills in both stories this is more likely to have actually happened than most of his name drops.]

1911 AD

Pyramids of Mars

The Osirian Sutekh attempts to escape from his prison on Mars, but is instead trapped in a time corridor. This causes a fire at the Old Priory, killing Laurence and Marcus Scarman.

[Laurence Scarman says it is 1911 (ep. 1). The Doctor also mentions this date in The Sands of Time (p. 136).]

1911 AD

The Nine Travellers stone circle is surveyed.

[According to Emilia Rumford in The Stones of Blood (ep. 1).]

c. 1912 AD

The War Lords take a battlefield from the Mexican Civil War.

[Zoe mentions the Mexican Civil War Zone in The War Games (ep. 8). The Mexican Civil War happened between 1910 and 1920. The actual year is entirely arbitrary.]

1912 AD

The Kings Regulations and Orders for the Army is published.

[We see a copy in The War Games (ep. 1).]

1912 AD

The Royal Flying Corps is formed.

[The Doctor mentions that the name wasn't thought up until this year in Ghost Light (ep. 1).]

c. 1912 AD

Emmeline Pankhurst steals the Doctor's laser spanner.

[Or so the Doctor claims in Smith and Jones. However, he's almost certainly being facetious. Pankhurst lived from 1858 until 1928. 1912 was at the height of her political activism.]

Early April 1912 AD

The Daniels family of Southampton have their picture taken with an anonymous friend. The next day, they cancel their planned trip on the Titanic.

[This is the backstory to the photo given by Clive in Rose.]

14th April 1912 AD

The Left-Handed Hummingbird

The Titanic hits an iceberg on its maiden voyage. Whilst it is sinking the Doctor stops Huitzilin from acquiring the Xiuhcoatl, an Exxilon weapon. The Doctor would later claim that he ended up clinging to an iceberg.

[The date is given in a caption (p. 221). The Doctor later recalls the year in [NA]All-Consuming Fire{/NA} (p. 290). The claim about clinging to an iceberg is from [TV]The End of the World/TV], though this could plausibly be a different “unsinkable” ship. He also mentions the Titanic in Robot (ep. 1) and denies responsibility for it sinking in The Invasion of Time (ep. 6).]

16th April 1912 AD

The Daily Mirror reports the sinking of the Titanic on its front page.

[Borusa is reading a copy in TV]The Invasion of Time[/TV] (ep. 6). It's not entirely clear where he got it from.]

r. October 1912 AD

Suffragette Constance Harding is let out of prison for the first time. She feeds herself up before being captured and going back to prison, where she goes back on hunger strike.

[She says that this was eighteen months before Human Nature (novel) (p. 76). The real life Cat and Mouse Act allowing this was passed in 1913, significantly less than 18 months before the story.]

1913 AD

Gamio discovers part of the Aztec's Great Temple underneath Mexico City.

[According to Fitzgerald in The Left-Handed Hummingbird (p. 58).]

1913 AD

The Nemesis Statue comes near Earth, heralding the Great War, which will engulf Europe from 1914-1918.

[As established in Silver Nemesis (ep. 2).]

29th May 1913 AD

There is a riot in the Auditorium of the Ballets Russes during a performance of Le Sacre du Printemps. Dorothée and a friend from 2000 probably watch it from a stage box, and the Doctor is probably is the wings with Nijinsky, beating time with the Dancers.

[The Doctor and Dorothée discuss plans to visit it in Lungbarrow (p. 224).]

r. 10th September 1913 AD

John Smith (actually a human version of the tenth Doctor) begins teaching at Farringham School for Boys.

[Joan has known him for "two months" before Human Nature (TV). We can probably assume that he began to teach at the start of the school year.]

10th November 1913 AD

Human Nature (TV)

The Family of Blood lands on Earth outside the village of Farringham looking for a Time Lord. They take the form of locals and attack the village dance.

[The story takes place over two days. The newspaper on the first day is dated Monday 10th November 1913, and the poster for the village dance on the second says Tuesday 11th November 1913. The newspaper has a story about the newly discovered "vitamins" and quarantine as a medical precaution.]

11th November 1913 AD

The Family of Blood

The Family of Blood attacks the nearby Farringham School for Boys before deciding to bombard the village from their spaceship. John Smith chooses to become the Doctor again in order to defeat them.

[This episode follows on directly from Human Nature (TV)]

r. January 1914 AD

Doctor John Smith and his niece Bernice Summerfield arrive in the Norfolk village of Farringham.

[The narration says that this was nine weeks before Human Nature (novel) (p. 15).]

r. February 1914 AD

Doctor John Smith begins teaching at the Hulton College School.

[George Rocastle says that Smith has been teaching at the school for six weeks in Human Nature (novel) (p. 28).]

c. March 1914 AD

Prelude to Human Nature (novel)

Alexander Shuttleworth gives a talk to the local Women's Institute about the Archaeology of the Bronze Age.

[No date is given, but this is after Doctor Smith has begun teaching.]

April 1914 AD

Human Nature (novel)

A series of bizarre events occurred in the town of Farringham in Norfolk. There was an assault on a lady in the town, followed by a fire in the local hospital, which was claimed to be a poison gas attack, followed by a violent break-in robbery - all on the same day. None of these got any media coverage. The next day, there was a similar attack on the local police station and the town was sealed off by the army. Following this, a massive explosion destroyed the Hulton College School. A large number of the staff and boys were killed in the explosion. This was the result of a family of Aubertides trying to get hold of Time Lord DNA.

[Narration from Benny's point of view gives the year (p. 16) and the month (p. 17).]

June 1914 AD

The Serbian Gavrilo Prinzip assassinates the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand. Austria makes impossible demands on Serbia. Serbia refuses to meet them, so Austria prepares to invade Serbia. This kicks off the system of alliances between European countries, dragging most of Europe into the Great War.

[According to narration in Human Nature (novel) (p. 247). It's quite a good description of the immediate causes of the war. A more condensed version of the same events, with the date, is mentioned in The Family of Blood..]

r. October 1914 AD

Freddie is born to Princess Anastasia in Russia.

[He is 10 in The Clockwise Man (p. 39).]

25th December 1914 AD

The Little Drummer Boy (Short Trips: Companions)

The TARDIS arrives in the trenches during World War 1. The Doctor poses as a minister from the war office and watches one of the football matches between the British and German armies.

[The Doctor gives the date (p. 155).]

c. 1915 AD

Merryweather, a former student at Hulton College School, refuses to order his troops onto a train bound for the front, but is forced on at gunpoint.

[According to narration in Human Nature (novel) (p. 249). The date is not mentioned - though it has to be between the start of the war and the battle of the Somme in 1916.]

c. 1915 AD

The Doctor and Susan are caught in a Zeppelin raid.

[They discuss it in [TV]Planet of Giants[/TV (ep. 3). No date is given, but Zepplin air raids began in 1915, and continued until about 1917.]

1915 AD

Wilfrid Holland is killed in the war, having previously been the first in line at the recruiting office.

[His widow gives the year in Nightshade (p. 139).]

r. 1915 AD

Professor Edward Travers begins searching for the legendary Yeti.

[He says he's been searching for twenty years in The Abominable Snowmen (ep. 1).]

Early August 1915 AD

White Darkness

American troops invade Haiti amidst rumours of Zombies and Voodooism.

[We see a calendar (p. 22).]

Late 1915 AD

The Doctor may have been wounded in the Gallipoli Campaign.

[He mentions this in The Sea Devils (ep. 1), after his initial claim to have been wounded in the Crimea are dismissed. The campaign lasted from 25th April 1915 to 8th January 1916.]

1916 AD

Jack Prudhoe first meets his future wife Win.

[He thinks that this was 1916 in Nightshade (p. 5).]

c. 1916 AD

Neville Albert Miller takes a shrapnel wound.

[During the Great War, according to narration in Salvation (p. 9).]

c. 1916 AD

Stella Peel, a girl of eight or nine, dies from eating poisonous berries.

[This is mentioned in Nightshade (p. 140) and simply said to be during the First World War.]

ALT 14th July 1916 AD

Captain Richard Hadleman is killed by poison gas during the Battle of the Somme.

[According to Benny's Portable History Unit in Human Nature (novel) (p. 108). This timeline is erased by events later in the book.]

14th July 1916 AD

Captain Richard Hadleman and Lieutenant Hutchinson fight in the Battle of the Somme. Hutchinson is killed by a shell. He is one of over 400,000 casualties. Richard Hadleman survives.

[As seen in the epilogue to Human Nature (novel) (p. 247 – 252). The date is given (p. 248).]

1917 AD

The War Lords kidnap a first world war battlefield.

[The zone is referred to by its date in The War Games (ep. 1 onwards). The year is also given by one of the kidnapped soldiers in The Eight Doctors (p. 58 & 61).]

c. 1917 AD

Timothy Latimer and Hutchinson escape death from enemy artillery during a battle in France thanks to a vision Timothy had back in 1913.

[As seen in The Family of Blood. This is clearly World War 1, and Timothy refers to the events of that story as "all those years ago", suggesting it's towards the end of the war.]

c. 1917 AD

Arthur Kendrik distinguishes himself by second-guessing German U-boat attacks on convoys.

[This was during the Great War according to narration in Just War (p. 22).]

h. 1917 AD

The Cottingley Fairies photographs begin to circulate. Arthur Conan-Doyle and Harry Houdini believe them, though late in their lives the women who took them would say that the photos had been faked. They were, in fact, genuine.

[This is mentioned repeatedly in Small Worlds, with Gwen referring to an essay she wrote about it in school.]

r. 1917 AD

Burton used his sabre in hand to hand combat.

[He says he hasn't used it in “over 40 years” in Delta and the Bannermen (ep. 3).]

r. 1917 AD

A new church is built in East Ridge, Texas after the existing one burns down.

[Thomas says this was two years ago in The Farmer's Story (Short Trips: Repercussions) (p. 164).]

h. November 1917 AD

The Doctor meets Lenin in Petrograd. He becomes a hero of the October Revolution.

[Or so he claims in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 50 & 53). The October Revolution was November 1917 in the Gregorian calendar.]

h. November 1917 AD

During the Russian Revolution Princess Anastasia and her 10-year-old son Freddie escape Russia with the aid of Colonel Oblonsky, head of the Tsar's personal guard.

[Anastasia dates this as “October 1917” in [NSA}The Clockwise Man[​/NSA] (p. 37). Freddie says that this was when he was 2 (p. 26). In real life the October Revolution took place in November 1917 by the Gregorian calendar (Russia was still using the Julian calender at the time).]

1918 AD

Solomon, and possibly Mr Diagoras, fought in The Great War.

[Solomon mentions fighting in the Great War thirteen years ago in Daleks in Manhattan. Later in the episode, Mr Diagoras says that he's been in war, but doesn't specify which one. The USA entered the war in 1917, although American troops didn't arrive in Europe in large numbers until 1918.]

11th November 1918 AD

A number of men, including Lieutenant Charles Sutton, from both the English and German trenches disappear, abducted by the Q'ell.

[The date is given in a caption in Toy Soldiers (p. 3).]

1919 AD

The 1919 flu epidemic hits Europe, It is responsible for more deaths people than the Great War.

[The Doctor mentions this in The Clockwise Man (p. 86). In reality the pandemic hit in 1918 and lasted until 1920.]

c. 1919 AD

The Imperial Club is established in London as a focal point and meeting place for the dispossessed nobility of Europe and the Commonwealth.

[Aske gives its origins in The Clockwise Man (p. 46), dating it to "after the Great War".]

1919 AD

An archaeological expedition finds remains of Palaeolithic quarrying near Crook Marsham. The dig is abandoned after several prominent members of the team disappear.

[The Doctor and Ace find a small book about the dig in Nightshade (p. 125).]

1919 AD

Anton Drexler and Dietrich Erhart found the National Socialist German Workers Party .

[According to a book extract in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 95). In real life the words National Socialist were added to the name later.]

c. 1919 AD

The Farmer's Story (Short Trips: Repercussions)

Oilman John Glassman fails to persuade the inhabitants of East Ridge, Texas to sell up their land so he can drill for oil.

[The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad came into Houston “a few years back” (p. 164), so it's after 1914. That Thomas Watson is taken out of time suggests that this was a major and damaging change to history.]

12th February 1919 AD

The German Jewish child Josef Tannenbaum disappears.

[The date is given in a caption in Toy Soldiers (p. 9).]

26th March 1919 AD

French girl Gabrielle Govier disappears.

[The date is given in a caption in Toy Soldiers (p. 14).]

25th September 1919 AD

Toy Soldiers

Across Europe, there had been a number of cases of disappearing children. These included Josef Tannenbaum and Gabrielle Govier. The disappearances were investigated by the seventh Doctor, Benny, Chris and Ros. The village of Larochepot was suddenly depopulated. On another planet, the Q'ell had been enslaved by the Recruiter for centuries. They were forced to maintain an ancient war that the disappeared children had been brainwashed into fighting. The Doctor stopped this war and reprogrammed the Recruiter, allowing the Q'ell to begin a flourishing society. The survivors were deconditioned and returned home.

[The date the story starts is given in a caption (p. 39).]

r. October 1919 AD

A girl called Beth goes into service at Lord and Lady Hutchinson's, aged 14.

[Beth says that this was “five years” before The Clockwise Man (p. 63).]

October 1919 AD

The first impression of Every Boy's Book of the English Civil Wars is published.

[Richard Cromwell reads this from a copy in The Roundheads (p. 144).]

c. 1920 AD

Lloyd George may have drunk the Doctor under the table.

[The Doctor claims this in Aliens of London. Lloyd George was Prime Minister from 1916 to 1922, and lived from 1863 to 1945. The date is arbitrary, but the context of the remark suggests it was during his time as PM.]

r. 1920 AD

Jack Prudhoe marries Win.

[He recalls this being the year after the archaeological dig on the moor in Nightshade (p. 6).]

c. 3rd November 1920 AD

Timeshare (Decalog 2: Lost Property)

The Doctor is bequeathed an HOP Timeshare for this week, but doesn't take it up for several years. The person owning the previous week was from a vampiric race but died this year when he drained less energy than he needed from the occupant of the week before him. The Doctor removed his body.

[The timeshare was bequeathed to the Doctor in 1920 (p. 301), and the year is mentioned several times later in the story. The Time Lord agent says that the Doctor was supposed to turn up in the first week of November (p. 324). Placed arbitrarily on Wednesday 3rd November.]

5th November 1920 AD

Blink

Katherine "Kathy" Costello Nightingale arrives in a field outside Hull, having been transported there by a weeping angel. She meets her future husband Ben Wainwright. They will eventually marry and have at least three children and at least one grandson. Their third child will be named Sally after Kathy's friend Sally Sparrow.

[The date is given on a newspaper.]

November 1920 AD

A new impression of Every Boy's Book of the English Civil Wars is published.

[Richard Cromwell reads this from a copy in The Roundheads (p. 144).]

1922 AD

A “foreigner from the Black Isle” stays at the Fox Inn in Tullock. He vanishes whilst out on Tullock Moor.

[According to Mr McRanald in Terror of the Zygons (ep. 1).]

1922 AD

In this year, Mario Verconti became anti-fascist. [Presumably following Mussolini's rise to power].

[According to narration in The Ghosts of N-Space (p. 106).]

r. May 1922 AD

Judson is crippled in an incident that he blames on Millington.

[He says that this was “over twenty years ago” in The Curse of Fenric (ep. 3).]

1923 AD

Edmund Trevithick joins Acton Rep.

[The date comes from his file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

1923 AD

The Empire Stadium (later known as Wembley Stadium) opens for the 1923 FA Cup Final, which is won by Bolton Wanderers.

[According to the Doctor in The Clockwise Man (p. 90-91).]

r. 11th June 1923 AD

The Kojabe Indians of Brazil cut out George Cranleigh's tongue after he violates the sacred black orchid. His mind is affected by this. The chief of another tribe rescues him and sends him home, though his family claimed that he never returned.

[In Black Orchid. Lady Cranleigh says that the expedition was “two years ago” when giving the cover story (ep. 1). She later gives the real story (ep. 2).]

September 1923 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus

Adolf Hitler attempts to seize power in Munich, planning to recreate Mussolini's famous march on Rome with the aid of war hero General Ludendorff. The Putsch fails miserably, and the Nazis run away. Hitler escapes with a damaged shoulder. He briefly meets The seventh Doctor and Ace. There are also several apparently random explosions amidst the chaos. Hitler is captured, sentenced to five years imprisonment for treason, but only serves 6 months as a VIP prisoner. During his imprisonment, he dictates Mein Kampf.

[The Doctor mentions the year (p. 103). A quoted textbook says it was September (p. 95). The real date was 9th November.]

ALT r. April 1924 AD

George Rocastle MBE dies in pain due to a tumour in his bowel.

[Timothy, possessing part of the Doctor's knowledge, predicts this will happen “in ten years” in Human Nature (novel) (p. 134). However, events later in the book erase this timeline.]

October 1924 AD

The Clockwise Man

There are seven or eight attacks on domestic servants in the Westminster area. Two of the victims die, the second of these being Beth, a maid at the Imperial Club. Shortly after Beth's death, there is an attack at the Imperial Club in London, and one of the residents is killed whilst another disappears. There is also a break-in at the Westminster Clock Tower, the criminals damage some of the workings, and leave behind components from a clockwork device.

[The Doctor says that they are heading to October 1924 (p. 10). The story starts on Monday night, and ends on Wednesday night.]

1925 AD

A Silurian colony may have been found in Antarctica around this time, though the UNIT station set up to verify this a few decades later did not find any evidence.

[Maisie Hawke mentions the rumour in The Scales of Injustice (p. 222).]

h. 1925 AD

T S Eliot writes a poem titled The Hollow Men.

[Both the Doctor and Professor Lazarus quote it in The Lazarus Experiment. The title and date are historical.]

11th June 1925 AD

Black Orchid

A mutilated George Cranleigh, once believed dead, attempts to abduct his fiancée Ann Talbot, who had since become engaged to his brother Charles. George died during the attempt.

[The Doctor gives the date (ep. 1).]

1926 AD

The Doctor saw a baseball game in which Babe Ruth hit three home runs.

[Or so he claims in Illegal Alien (p. 83).]

1926 AD

The Sands of Time

Lord Cranleigh weds Ann Talbot in the local church near Cranleigh Hall. The Doctor arrives at the reception to ask Ann a favour.

[The year is given in a caption (p. 7).]

March 1926 AD

The Doctor and Ace visited the Great Rift Valley, Africa.

[As seen in the Prelude to Birthright. The date is given in a caption.]

3rd April 1926 AD

An edition of the Illustrated London News is published.

[We see this edition in Carnival of Monsters (ep. 1).]

4th June 1926 AD

The SS Bernice is abducted by Vorg's miniscope. It is returned by the Doctor shortly afterwards. [Some other incident later that day causes the ship to vanish before reaching Bombay].

[We see a calendar with the date, and the Doctor also gives the date of the disappearance (ep. 1), saying that in its time, its disappearance was famous. Jo thinks that it's “about forty years” before the UNIT era (ep. 1).]

Summer 1926 AD

A writer for the magazine Ensign vanished.

[The Master of the Land of Fiction says that this is when he left England in The Mind Robber (ep. 4).]

1927 AD

The Doctor watches Cuban chess grandmaster José Raúl Capablanca loses his title to the Russian Alexander Alekhine.

[He tells this to K-9 in The Androids of Tara (ep. 1). The Doctor is copying one of Capablanca's moves in a game against K-9, but seems unaware that Capablanca lost, so it's unclear whether he was actually there or not.]

1927 AD

Professor Karl Muller publishes Ballots, Blood, and Bullets - Political Chaos in Post-War Germany.

[The date is given in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 96).]

r. June 1927 AD

Anthony Hemmings is born.

[He was born 13 years before the (parallel Earth) Nazi victory in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 89).]

1928 AD

Aaron Blinovitch formulates his [Temporal] Limitation Effect, which makes it nearly impossible to cross your own time. Whilst the effect had been known since time travel began he was the first to formulate it. It is published in the book Temporal Mechanics.

[The Blinovitch Limitation Effect is first mentioned in Day of the Daleks (ep. 2), and its origins given in The Ghosts of N-Space (p. 147) . The book title is from Timewyrm: Revelatin (p. 51).]

1928 AD

Garonwy makes at least one jar of Hibiscus Blossom honey.

[According to the Doctor in Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark (p. 58) Ace finished one of those jars. The Doctor presumably acquired it during Delta and the Bannermen.]

24th December 1928 AD

The Daleks' Master Plan

The TARDIS lands in the middle of a Hollywood film shoot.

[The film's a talkie, so it's after 1927. There are repeated references to Douglas Fairbanks being big, suggesting it's before late 1929. The clown is Bing Crosby, before his singing career. Crosby's first solo hit was in 1931, but he had previously had a group number one hit in 1928. The Little Drummer Boy (Short Trips: Companions) starts with a recap of the end of this segment, and establishes that it's Christmas Eve (p. 151). There are also references to Charlie Chaplin and Cecil B DeMille, but these are compatible with any date in the range.]

1929 AD

Umberto Callanti's brother builds a wireless.

[Umberto recalls this in The Ghosts of N-Space (p. 39).]

1929 AD

Jackson Laboratory produces a paper titled The Lane List of Named Mutations & Alleles of Polymorphic Loci of the Mouse.

[We see a copy in The Sands of Time (p. 199).]

1929 AD

The New York Stock Exchange goes into meltdown. This event would later be known as the Wall Street Crash.

[Martha and the Doctor discuss the Wall Street Crash and give the year in Daleks in Manhattan. The actual crash happened over a number of days in October 1929.]

h. 1929 AD

Herbert Hoover comes to power in the United States of America.

[The Doctor says that this was about a year before Daleks in Manhattan, which would be November 1929. In reality he was elected President in November 1928 and inaugurated in January 1929. Since all the other Whoniverse references to US Presidents are consistent with the real-world election timetable I'm assuming that the Doctor is simply mistaken about the date.]

1929 AD

Among the models of car built in this year was the Humber 1650 Open Tourer Imperial Model, one of which was later driven by the Brigadier.

[Ibbotson mentions the car and its manufacture date in Mawdryn Undead (ep. 1).]

c. February 1929 AD

Blood Harvest

In Chicago, Doc opened a speakeasy in the middle of disputed territory. He was instrumental in creating a gangland cease-fire at one of the most violent points of the prohibition era.

[It's clearly during prohibition (1920-33). Since Capone is free, it must be before May 1929 or between March 1930 and February 1931. The back cover says it's 1929 but the Doctor says it's the 1930s (p. 273). It's winter (p. 5). The book depicts real events from both 1926 and February 1929. The most likely date is February 1929.]

c. 5th November 1929 AD

Timeshare (Decalog 2: Lost Property)

The Doctor and Peri arrive in an HOP Timeshare in Devon and accidentally put a second week's money in the meter. The Doctor averts the resultant crisis by adjusting the meter.

[The Doctor says it's the first week of November 1929, which would make it between Sunday the 3rd and Saturday 9th (p. 292).]

r. 1930 AD

Win Prudhoe gives her husband Jack a walking stick with a horse's head on it for their tenth wedding anniversary.

[He recalls this in Nightshade (p. 3).]

u. 1930 AD

Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart is born.

[The Doctor thinks he's 46 in No Future (p. 10, set 1976) and that an alternate universe version of him is 64 in [NA]Blood Heat[/NA} (p. 54, set 1993).]

Early June 1930 AD

The English Way of Death

London experienced an inexplicable heatwave. During this the Doctor and Romana stopped a group of 32nd century natives from sending people to retire here.

[Percy Close notes that it's early June (p. 27). and that May '29 was “just over a year ago” (p. 91).]

1st November 1930 AD

Daleks in Manhattan

The press report a series of disappearances from Hooverville in Central Park, Manhattan. Soon afterwards, a work party from Hooverville discovers something strange in the sewers. They return to Hooverville shortly before it is attacked by pig-men and flying pepperpots. Solomon, a black man who had been a leader in Hooverville, dies in the attack.

[The date is established on the newspaper seen in the first scene.]

2nd November 1930 AD

Evolution of the Daleks

Lightning strikes the under-construction Empire State building. At the same time the Doctor defeated Dalek Sec's plan to create a new race of human-Dalek hybrids.

[These events follow on directly from Daleks in Manhattan.]

c. 25th December 1931 AD

The Little Drummer Boy

The TARDIS briefly lands in 1931.

[This part of a list of years where the TARDIS lands on Christmas Day or Christmas Eve (p. 154).]

c. 1932 AD

Barbara Wright was born. She [grew up] in Bedfordshire.

[[In The Rescue (ep. 2). Vicki thinks Barbara should be around 550 (and thus born c. 1943), but this makes her too young to be teaching in 1963. Byzantium! puts her time at University around 15 years before her travels with the Doctor (p. 77, c. 1950), which would push her birthday back to 1932. It also says that she was 12 nearly 20 years ago (p.205-206), which gives the same result. The 1963 writers' guide provides a date of 1940. She mentions that she used to live in Bedfordshire in The Dalek Invasion of Earth (ep. 4).]

1932 AD

The Ritz Dance Hall opens in Cardiff.

[Owen mentions the date in Captain Jack Harkness.]

c. 1932 AD

Edmund Trevithick goes to Hollywood.

[In the 1930s, according to his file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

1932 AD

Dorothy Frances Gurney dies

[The Doctor gives the year in Option Lock (p. 13). The historical date was 15th June.]

h. 1932 AD

Two students of Ernest Rutherford split the atom for the first time in human history.

[In Evolution of the Daleks (set 1930) the Doctor comments that humanity hasn't split the atom yet. In The Lazarus Experiment Professor Lazarus credits this achievement to Rutherford himself, presumably referring to the widespread misconception that Rutherford did this himself in 1917.Professor Lazarus mentions this in The Lazarus Experiment.]

r. 3rd June 1932 AD

Richard Lazarus is born.

[He is 76 in The Lazarus Experiment.]

1933 AD

Cuevas discovers part of the stairs of the Aztec Great Temple.

[According to Fitgerald in The Left-Handed Hummingbird (p. 58).]

1933 AD

Hitler comes to power in Germany. One of the things his regime does is to suppress the book Ballots, Blood, and Bullets - Political Chaos in Post-War Germany and execute its author, Professor Karl Muller.

[As narrated in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 96).]

r. 1933 AD

Tom Erasmus Flannigan is born in the East End. He has an older sister. His middle name has been passed down from both his father and his grandfather.

[He is eight when he is evacuated in Ghost Machine.]

5th December 1933 AD

Doc's Place celebrates the end of prohibition.

[As seen in the Prelude to Blood Harvest. The date is given in a caption.]

1934 AD

The Doctor's companion Sam Jones tells Iris Wildthyme what really happened in 1968 when Andy Warhol was shot.

[The date is given in narration (p. 318).]

8th June 1934 AD

The Eye of the Giant

The Constitution III is beached in the South Pacific on an island full of giant animals and plants. The ship is destroyed by what appears to be a volcano. Among the dead are film star Nancy Norton and Amelia Grover.

[Liz calculates the date the time-space visualiser has locked onto (p. 42).]

29th June 1934 AD

Hitler orders the execution of most of the brownshirts (the SA or Stormtroopers) - an army of thugs that the Nazis used to help them into power. He believed that they were plotting against him. There were 2000 executions in one day.

[Goering recalls this as “back in '34” in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 184). We've given the full date from history.]

1935 AD

The Abominable Snowmen

Edward Travers encounters Yeti near the Tibetan monastery of Det-Sen. This coincides with the death of 300 year old Padmasambhava and the return of the Holy Ghantra, entrusted into the hands of a traveller centuries ago.

[Thomni says that the Doctor's previous visit was 300 years ago (ep. 4 ), and the Doctor confirms this date (ep. 5), though the Ghanta is also said to have been lost for over 200 years (ep. 2). In The Web of Fear (ep. 2) Anne Travers thinks it was 1935, and Victoria agrees. In Downtime Charles Bryce says that Travers first discovered the Yeti in 1936 (p.65).]

1935 AD

Edwin Pratt is born in San Francisco.

[According to Abber in Vampire Science (p. 183).]

1935 AD

According to Abber in Vampire Science (p. 183).

[He says this in The Mind of Evil (ep. 2). No date is given so we've arbitrarily placed it during the Long March. Note that we're using the transliteration Tse-Tung, which was official at the time of the episode was set, rather than the transliteration Zedung, which is official today.]

r. February 1935 AD

Gustav Heinrich Ernst arrives in 1935, having been transported back in time by a Fortean flicker.

[In The Highest Science this is six months (p. 258) before August 1935 (p. 257).]

August 1935 AD

The Doctor and Benny attempt to visit Virginia Woolf at 52 Tavistock Square whilst the Woolfs are actually at Monk House. They then go to see a play where Gustav Ernst is also in attendance.

[Benny gives the date in The Highest Science (p.257).]

r. 13th November 1935 AD

Cody McBride's mother dies in a Chicago nursing home.

[Five years before Illegal Alien (p 82).]

r. 11th December 1935 AD

Billy Coote hears the King's abdication speech in his mind a year before it happens.

[According to Nightshade (p. 105).]

r. 18th December 1935 AD

A biplane called Sky Gypsy bound for Dublin disappears less than half an hour after it takes off. On board are pilot Diane Holmes and passengers John Ellis and Emma Louise Cowell. The plane falls through the Cardiff Rift, arriving “50 years” in the future.

[This is the backstory to Out of Time. Dianne gives the date in the opening scene.]

est. 1936 AD

The Doctor learnt sleight of hand from the stage magician Maskelyne.

[Or so he claims in The Ribos Operation (ep. 4). There were an entire family of magicians with that surname. John Nevil performed from the 1870s to at least 1905. I can't find dates for Nevil's performance career, and Jasper's was in the 1930s and 1940s. The date is entirely arbitrary.]

1936 AD

Ian Chesterton is born in Reading.

[The date is from a format document from July 1963. Ian mentions the place in Byzantium! (p. 89).]

1936 AD

The Seventh Doctor and Mel meet Emil Hartung in Cairo.

[Mel gives the date in a flashback in Just War (p. 251).]

11th December 1936 AD

King Edward VIII abdicates so that he can marry American Wallis Simpson.

[This is mentioned (but not dated) in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 7) and Nightshade (p. 105).]

r. February 1937 AD

Jamie is born. His teenage mother, Nancy, pretends that she is his sister.

[In The Doctor Dances, the Doctor guesses that Jamie is about four, and that Nancy gave birth to him about 4 or 5 years ago (from 1941).]

6th April 1937 AD

Alan Ellis is born, the son of John Ellis. Alan will eventually become a fireman. never have any children, and then develop Alzheimer's disease.

[As established in Out of Time.]

1938 AD

The Nemesis Statue passes close to Earth, heralding the Anschluss and World War Two.

[Silver Nemesis (ep. 2).]

1939 AD

In the Cambridge University Fiasco, an attempt is made to excavate Devils Hump. Elsewhere, an Anglo-Saxon burial ship is excavated at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk.

[In The Dæmons (ep. 1) Alistair Fergus mentions and dates the Cambridge University Fiasco and Professor Horner mentions, but doesn't date, Sutton Hoo. Sutton Hoo was excavated several times, but the main dig was in 1939.]

3rd September 1939 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus

Hitler made a speech at the Nuremburg Rally shortly before the invasion of Poland. He then returned to Berlin, having admitted a man called the Doctor into his inner circle. This Doctor told him that if he invaded Poland, the English would declare war, and taught him to control the fits he had been having. Whilst the invasion of Poland was going on, Reichsmarshal Goering led an armoured column to attack Castle Drachtensburg, an SS base due to rumours of treachery. The column defeated the traitors. Soon after it had left, the castle was engulfed in a pillar of fire and a cloud hung over the area for days. Local people got sick and died. The locals believed the area had been cursed, and it was largely abandoned.

[The year is given in a section heading (p. 111). The Doctor estimates it's 14 or 16 years sine the Munich Putsch (p. 116) whilst Hitler goes for 16 years (p. 135). A message from the British government is dated 3rd September (p. 153). The story takes place over at least a few days either side of that date.]

h. September 1939 AD

At the start of the war fascist sympathisers are interned. These include Oswald Mosely, leader of the British Union of Fascists, and Radcliffe – who spoke out to say that Britain was on the wrong side.

[Mosley Is mentioned in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 8), and Radcliffe in Remembrance of the Daleks (ep. 2).]

c. Autumn 1939 AD

Mario Verconti's blunderbuss was loaded at about this time, in case of a German invasion.

[The weapon has been loaded 'since the second world war' in The Ghosts of N-Space (ep. 3/p. 106). The radio version says this was 'thirty years' ago - making it the mid-40s by the standard 1970s UNIT dating. The novel mentions Mario's anti-fascist sympathies and fear of German invasion, suggesting it's earlier in the war.]

c. Autumn 1939 AD

Edmund Trevithick returns to England for the War. During his service he gains a Distinguished Service Medal.

[According to his file in Nightshade (p. 111), no date is given.]

1940 AD

At this point, Richard Lazarus lives in a small flat above a butcher's shop. During the Blitz, he and his family shelter in the crypt of the nearby Southwark Cathedral. Lazarus would later have an office very close to this flat. His future business partner Lady Thaw had been sent to the country by that point.

[He recalls all these details and the date in The Lazarus Experiment.]

1940 AD

Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart's house was destroyed by a Nazi bomb in this year.

[He recalls this in The Ghosts of N-Space (p. 182, novel only). The narration says he was a small boy at the time, but since two other books establish he was born around 1930, he can't have been a small boy.]

r. 1940 AD

Alexander Christian is born.

[The Brigadier notes that Alexander has a ten year advantage on him in The Dying Days (p.62).]

r. 1940 AD

Holly Kidd and her future lover James are born.

[In Nightshade (p. 1lo01) she recalls that they were both 17 in 1957.]

May 1940 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus

The Doctor visits Felsennest and confronts the Timewyrm. He then persuades Hitler to hold back the German forces, thus allowing the famous British evacuation to take place.

[The Doctor gives the date (p. 217).]

ALT June 1940 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus

In an alternate universe the British army was totally defeated at Dunkirk - the British Navy being decimated by freak storms. One of those captured was Harry Barker. General Strauss's 19th Army crosses the Channel and establishes a beach-head between Folkstone and Worthing. The Luftwaffe maintains air superiority throughout the six days it takes to conquer Britain. They concentrate of destroying airfields rather than bombing population centres.

Oswald Mosely is installed as Prime Minister and Edward VIII is restored to the throne. The Nazis had already made a list of potential troublemakers - including civil servants, ex-officers, trade unionists, lawyers, MPS, Jews, Gypsies, and invalids. All these were arrested, and many killed. Churchill was executed for war crimes. Mass deportations of able-bodied men between 17 and 45 formed the British Labour Voluntary Force. These slaves helped fortify Europe and build New Berlin. Blue-eyed blonde women were kidnapped for SS brothels. Their kids would be educated as Nazis and then sent back to Britain. Hermann Goring looted the British Museum, taking most of the exhibits to Berlin.

[The details of the invasion are given in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 3, 7-8 54 61-62. 69, and 71-74).]

r. 13th August 1940 AD

Cody McBride moves from Chicago to London and re-establishes his role as a private detective.

[He says this was three months before Illegal Alien (p. 5).]

r. 13th September 1940 AD

The Limehouse Lurker starts a series of brutal killings in East London.

[This was two months before Illegal Alien (p. 5).]

c. October 1940 AD

Doctor Constantine's children and grandchildren all die.

[In [TV}The Empty Child[/TV] he says that he started the war as a father and grandfather, but now he is neither. I assume they died in the blitz, and have chosen the month at random.]

13th November 1940 AD

Illegal Alien

A Cyber-capsule crashes amongst the bombs of the blitz. The capsule is taken by the military under Major Lazenby, who is involved in a top secret project to develop a Cyber-Army. The next day, an electrical engineer on the project is killed as something comes up through a drain and burrows through his chest. The day after that, twenty people die from a Cybermat attack on Mama's bar. Eventually both a factory in London creating Cybermen and a similar Nazi one in Jersey are destroyed.

[Cody Mcbride gives us the month (p. 5). Tomorrow's newspaper is dated 14 November 1940 (p. 20). The story takes place over several days.]

c. Early December 1940 AD

Jack Harkness meets a 17 year old woman called Estelle at the Astoria ballroom in London. It is love at first sight, and they begin a romance. Estelle joins the Land Army, whilst Jack is posted abroad [or at least that was what he told her]. The immortal Jack contacted her in the 21st century, claiming to be the son of the original.

[Jack and Estelle mention these events in Small Worlds. Jack says it was "a few weeks before Christmas" and it was clearly during World War 2. Christmas 1940 seems as good a time as any to place this.]

r. January 1941 AD

A new type of German bomb lands at a railway station in London, and doesn't explode. The military seal off its immediate vicinity, though a child which recently died close to where it lands is taken to a nearby hospital. The patients and staff in that hospital all develop that child's fatal wounds, and the hospital is temporarily abandoned, tended only by a Doctor Constantine. At about the same time, an American volunteer called Captain Jack Harkness arrives in London to help the war effort.

[This is said to be about a month before The Empty Child. In Captain Jack Harkness, we learn a bit more about how Jack establishes his fake identity. His arrival has to happen after these events.]

c. 1941 AD

Diane James ferries planes in the war. She gets a taste for it, and after the war will get a job in aviation. John Ellis becomes a fireman for the duration.

[They recall this as during the war in Out of Time, so this can go anywhere from 1939-1945.]

1941 AD

Eight year old Tom Erasmus Flanagan is evacuated from the East End to rural Wales via Cardiff and is taken in by a childless couple. By the end of the war his mother, older sister, and other family members would all be all dead or missing. Tom would stay in Cardiff for the rest of his life. An alien device would later show Gwen Cooper the period when he was temporarily forgotten at Cardiff before being sent onwards.

[Gwen saw this during Ghost Machine. Adult Tom says that this was "1941" and "66 years ago".]

c. 1941 AD

The man who would later become Toshiko Sato's grandfather works at Bletchley Park.

[She mentions this in Greeks Bearing Gifts, this could have been at any point during the war.]

20th January 1941 AD

Captain Jack Harkness

Jack Harkness and Toshiko Sato are thrown through the Cardiff Rift. Tosh works out the equations to get them back and hides them for Torchwood to find. They encounter the original Captain Jack Harkness, and the two Jacks fall for each other just before the rift opens into the ballroom where they are. The next day, Jack's squadron encounter enemy aircraft during a training exercise. Jack is killed, but the rest of his squadron survive.

[The poster for the dance says that it is 20th January 1941. In Everything Changes, Gwen's colleague Yvonne discovers records saying that Jack failed to report for duty on the 21st of January 1941, whilst the real Jack actually died in combat on that day. The records match the events of The Empty Child/The Doctor Dances, rather than the events here, but since those events cannot have happened that soon after this story we have to assume that they actually refer to the original's death. The discrepancy may be due to Jack tampering with the records to establish his identity for that story.]

c. February 1941 AD

The Empty Child

A number of patients at a London hospital develop strange symptoms, with their heads being transformed into gas masks.

[It appears to be during the blitz, and both the Doctor and Jack give the year as 1941. This has to happen at least a few weeks after Captain Jack Harkness, as Jack has already established himself in this timezone, and in that story it is established that the real Jack was already dead before he stole his identity.]

c. February 1941 AD

The Doctor Dances

The site of the mysterious German bomb which landed a month previously is destroyed by another German bomb. At the same time, the patients at the nearby hospital are all miraculously cured of all their injuries - both those they were admitted for, and those resulting from the child. There is no media coverage of these events. This happens on the same day that American volunteer Captain Jack Harkness disappears.

[This follows on immediately from the first half.]

1st March 1941 AD

Just War

The British Scientific Intelligence Division (SID), who had earlier detected a German single radar-beam system, detected a new German secret weapon. Emil Hartung and Oskar Steinmann had developed Hugin and Munin, the first stealth planes. SID was involved in the destruction of both prototypes and the blueprints.

[In the prologue, the Doctor visits Guernsey in Late December 1941 (p. 4). This is 3 months (p. 36) before the main action starts on 1st March 1941 (p. 5). The author admits that the prologue date should have been December 1940.]

h. 27th May 1941 AD

The “unsinkable” German battleship Bismarck is sunk.

[The Doctor mentions this in Terror of the Zygons (ep. 1), but no date is given.]

h. 7th December 1941 AD

The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into World War II.

[Tosh and Jack discuss it in Captain Jack Harkness, giving the year.]

c. 1942 AD

Major-General Scobie (as he will become) is posted to Burma.

[Liz is aware that this was “during the war” in The Scales of Injustice (p. 31).]

1942 AD

Ben Jackson and Polly Wright are both born.

[Thomas finds census records of both of them from 1942 in The Murder Game (p. 91). In Invasion of the Cat-People Ben was 14 in 1956. In Cirriculum Vitae (Short Trips: Companions), Polly claims to have been 23 in 1966 (p. 138) (referring to her travels with the Doctor which started in July that year). However, in The War Machines (ep. 1) Kitty suggests that it's unusual to get the “over twenties” in the Inferno club, suggesting they are younger.]

h. Winter 1942 AD

One of the soldiers at the battle of Stalingrad was Katayev.

[Shuskin describes him as a veteran of Stalingrad in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 2).]

c. 1942 AD

Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart's father dies in North Africa fighting alongside Montgomery against Mussolini.

[According to the Brigadier in The Dying Days (p.179).]

r. 1942 AD

Barbara Wright has whooping cough. Whilst she is ill, she reads a Ladybird Book on Captain Cook.

[She recalls that this was when she was 10 in Byzantium! (p. 206).]

h. October 1942 AD

The Doctor may have been wounded at El-Alamain.

[This is one of several battles the Doctor attributes a leg wound to in The Sea Devils (ep. 1).]

r. November 1942 AD

There are reports of vampires in Romania.

[Sorin says this was six months before The Curse of Fenric (ep. 3).]

24th December 1942 AD

Oskar Steinmann oversees the first flying bomb test at Peenemunde.

[The date is given in narration in Just War (p. 252).]

1943 AD

Elizabeth Shaw is born, possibly in Stoke-on-Trent. She will grow up in the Home Counties.

[Control's file on her in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 10) gives the year and gives her place of birth as Stoke. She recalls being born and brought up in the Home Counties in The Scales of Injustice (p. 98).]

1943 AD

Whilst at Harrow school Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart writes an essay on the homoerotic content of 'Adonais'.

[He recalls the year in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 122).]

ALT 1943 AD

In the Inferno universe, England passed the Defence of the Republic Act, allowing execution without trial.

[Brigade Leader Lethbridge-Stewart mentions this in Inferno (ep. 3).]

c. 1943 AD

Mel Bush's grandfather dies.

[She says this was during the wa in the flashback in Just War (p. 251).]

May 1943 AD

The Curse of Fenric

An attack involving Russian soldiers completely destroys the naval base housing the Ultima Machine and kills a number of people from the nearest village. Reports claim vampires were responsible, but the official explanation was that some of a locally occurring chemical poison had escaped from stores.

[Ace says it's 1943 (ep. 1), the script suggests it's May.]

c. 1944 AD

Edmund Trevithick and the rest of his unit discover a mass grave in Poland.

[He recalls this as 'during the war' in Nightshade (p. 55). The liberation of Poland mostly took place in 1944, but was carried out by Soviet forces rather than British ones.]

1944 AD

Amelia Ducat was a sergeant in the ATS, and manned an ack-ack gun in Folkestone.

[She mentions this in The Seeds of Doom (ep. 5). Dating this within the war is arbitrary.]

1944 AD

A V-1 “doodlebug” bomb falls near what will become the Newton Institute. A different V-1 was brought forward in time by TOMTIT and ended up exploding in the same place.

[In [tvThe Time Monster[/tv] (ep. 4) a farmer recalls the first doodlebug was “back in 1944”, and notes the similarity in their landing spots.]

c. 1944 AD

Warehouses in Cardiff's dockyards are used to store wounded GIs. Many decades later, one of them would be used for "weevil fight club."

[Jack says this was during the war in Combat.]

r. 1944 AD

Barbara Wright was in form 2A at Cricklewood Grammar School. One of her history exams includes a question on Rome.

[She recalls her answer in Byzantium! (p. 205-206). She notes that she was 12, and that it was almost twenty years ago,]

r. 1st March 1944 AD

The Germans were on course to complete the Gruber-Schnieder device by this time.

[Kendrick estimates that it is 3 years from completion in Just War (p. 193-194).]

July 1944 AD

Special Weapons (More Short Trips)

Nazi troops landed in Pax Lucis, UK to use a new weapon, the Exclusion Generator, to destroy Britain. The device, based on the crystalline lightwanderer, would actually have destroyed the entire planet. The device was destroyed, thanks to the Doctor.

[The Nazis are losing the war thanks to the Russians (p.153) and their troops are mostly in Russia and Italy (p.160), suggesting it's between the invasion of Italy in September 1943 and D-Day in June 1944. The month is explicitly said to be July (p. 164), so it must be relatively shortly after D-Day with German troops yet to move to the new front.]

1945 AD

The Treasure of Priam vanishes from Berlin.

[The Doctor gives the year in [DEC]Past Reckoning (Decalog 3)[/DEC] (p. 119).]

r. 1945 AD

Barbara Wright tried to persuade her father to take her to the Tower of London.

[She recalls that this was when she was 13 in Byzantium! (p. 29).]

Autumn 1945 AD

Oswald Mosley is released from his internment. His British Union of Fascists fizzles out.

[The Doctor mentions this in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 8), dating it as after the war. In reality Mosley was released during the war in 1943.]

h. 1946 AD

Oskar Steinmann is one of 23 Nazis tried at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal.

[According to the Doctor in Just War (p. 178) though no date is given. The real trials lasted from November 1945 to October 1946.]

est. 1946 AD

The Rani kidnaps Einstein for her time brain.

[As established in [tv]Time and the Rani/tv] (ep. 1). This could have been at any point in his life.]

1946 AD

Edmund Trevithick appears in the film Flames of Passion.

[According to his file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

1946 AD

General H Popplewell publishes Reminiscences of World War II in London.

[We see an extract in Timewyrm: Exodus (p. 219).]

c. Summer 1946 AD

Ian Chesterton goes on holiday to a cottage in North Wales.

[He says that this was his usual holiday when he was a boy in Byzantium! (p. 34). Since the series' format document had him born in 1936 we must assume the first one he can remember would have been 1946 when he was 10.]

c. 25th December 1946 AD

The Little Drummer Boy (Short Trips: Companions)

The TARDIS briefly lands.

[This part of a list of years where the TARDIS lands on Christmas Day or Christmas Eve (p. 154).]

ALT 1947 AD

In the alternate universe where the Nazis won World War II after a victory at Dunkirk, Joseph Goebbels writes The Thousand Year Reich - The Glorious Beginning.

[The date of publication is in Timewyrm: Exodus (p.3).]

1947 AD

The CIA encounter their first alien lifeform, capturing three Nedenah at Roswell.

[Control gives the year in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 237). He also mentions the decade a couple of times (p. 203,236).]

1947 AD

Igor Klebanov is appointed director of the Organic Weapons Research Institute in Novrosk. Sofia Barinska shows him the Arcane Collegiate spaceship buried underneath the peninsula.

[Barinska recalls the date in The Deviant Strain (p. 205).]

c. October 1947 AD

The US Army's Section eight recruits Aleister Crowley.

[This is the prologue to Heart of TARDIS. The year is given in narration (p. 194) and there are several historical references that fit the period.]

h. 1st December 1947 AD

Aleister Crowley apparently dies and is buried. However, it was actually a homunculus standing in for Crowley. The real Crowley travelled to the USA, where he worked for the US Government.

[According to narration in Heart of TARDIS (p. 194). The year is given, we've used the historical date of his death.]

1948 AD

Ghandi is shot by Nathuram Godse.

[The Doctor gives the year in [eda]Kursaal/eda] (p. 278).]

r. 1948 AD

The Nedenah make the first of three failed attempts to rescue the Nedenah held captive by the CIA.

[Contol says this was a year after the initial capture in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 240).]

1949 AD

Edmund Trevithick is in the film Sword of Araby.

[According to his file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

r. 1949 AD

Ian Chesterton is taught Latin by Mr Dumbie. His form tutor is Mr Quibbs. He mercilessly picks on a Jewish classmate called Goldfinkle.

[He recalls that this was when he was 13 in Byzantium! (p. 56).]

1950 AD

The comedy film Harvey, featuring James Stewart, is released.

[The year is given in a TV listings magazine in Alien Bodies (p. 127).]

c. 1950 AD

Barbara Wright, now a first year student of history, gets drunk for the first, and only, time. She is taken home by law student Herbert Effemy. One of the periods her degree will focus on is the Aztec period.

[She recalls her drunkenness and Herbert in Byzantium! (p. 76-77), which says it's her first year of university and 14 years ago. The Witch Hunters (p. 70) says that she was still a student teacher in 1954. Her speciality is mentioned in The Aztecs (ep. 1). If teaching qualifications in the period were similar to those I'm aware of from the 90s then this fits nicely - she starts Uni aged 18 in 1950 and does a three year history degree, followed by a one year PGCE.]

r. 1950 AD

Liz Shaw gets a telescope for her birthday. She gets the greatest thrill of her life by finding Venus at the first attempt.

[She says she was seven in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 76).]

1951 AD

The last witchcraft law on the statute books is repealed.

[Olive Hawthorne gives the year in The dæmons (ep. 2).]

1951 AD

Vijay Degun and his father arrive in the UK by boat.

[He recalls the year in Nightshade (p. 15).]

1951 AD

Edmund Trevithick is in the film The Man from the Ministry.

[According to his file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

ALT 1951 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus

In the alternate universe where the Nazis won the war following the British defeat at Dunkirk, the Nazis planned the Festival of Britain - to celebrate 10 years of Nazi rule. They also planned to put a man on the moon. During the festival, there were rumours of a major raid on an important resistance cell. These were eclipsed by an explosion at the Savoy hotel, headquarters of the Britischer Frei Korps. The explosion killed General Otto Strasser. One of his subordinates, Lieutenant Hemmings, was presumed killed in the attack, although his body was never found. This timeline was wiped due to the intervention of the seventh Doctor and Ace.

[The Doctor gives the year (p. 5). The real festival was in May, but this is not stated anywhere in the novel.]

r. 1951 AD

Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart visits New York on the way back from Korea. He learns that the Bronx is an 'inappropriate' area.

[He recalls being 21 in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 37). The Korean War was fought from 1950 to 1953.]

r. 1951 AD

The radio telescope was invented.

[In Pyramids of Mars (ep. 1), the Doctor claims to be inventing the radio telescope forty years early. In reality the first one was built in 1937 only 26 years after that story.]

r. 1951 AD

Timewyrm: Exodus (epilogue)

The Doctor and Ace visit the festival of Britain and discover history is back on course.

[This is clearly the same date as the opening scene from the alternate universe.]

1952 AD

Diane James flies from England to Australia in 4 days, There is terrible wind across the Bengal Bay.

[According to both Owen and Diane in Out of Time.]

r. 1952 AD

Polly Wright visits a gypsy tent in a fairground with her uncle Charles. She is warned about a tall, dark stranger.

[She recalls this was when she was 10 in Invasion of the Cat People (p. 99).]

1953 AD

Edmund Trevithick stars in a new TV programme called Nightshade. His character, Professor Nightshade, encountered a number of alien monsters. The show was extremely popular.

[The show is repeatedly mentioned in Nightshade. The year it started is in Trevithick's file (p. 111)..]

1953 AD

The Doctor gives Sherpa Tensing a helping hand to the peak of Everest thirty seconds before Edmund Hillary gets there.

[Or so he claims in The Dying Days (p.52). The Doctor gives the year in The Idiot's Lantern, but doesn't claim to have been there.]

r. 2nd May 1953 AD

The Idiot's Lantern

The Wire - a creature that has escaped execution by taking on a non-corporeal form - arrives on Earth in Mr Magpie's electrical shop.

[DI Bishop mentions that they found the first victim “about a month ago”.]

2nd May 1953 AD

The FA Cup final is broadcast on TV. John Ellis charges “the lads” a shilling each to come round and watch. Blackpool win 4-3, thanks to Stanley Matthews scoring two goals in the last 20 minutes.

[As mentioned by both John and Alan Ellis in Out of Time.]

h. 2nd June 1953 AD

The Idiot's Lantern

Every house on Florizel Street in the Muswell Hill area of London gets a TV set in the run-up to Queen Elizabeth's coronation, as the local electrical shop - run by Mr Magpie - has been selling them for only five pounds. After these TV sets are installed, some members of the street's households suffer strange disfigurements, and are hidden away by their families before being taken away by the police. When the coronation happens, it is broadcast to twenty million people in the UK. During the broadcast there is a minor incident at Alexandra Palace and, following the broadcast, the disfigured people from Florizel Street turn up safe and sound. However, Mr Connolly - resident of the street - is kicked out of his home, which is actually in his mother-in-law's name.

[The story happens over two days, finishing on the day of Elizabeth II's coronation. The Doctor gives the year, but we've taken the exact date of the coronation from history.]

h. 2nd June 1953 AD

The inhabitants of Llanfer Ceiriog take a bus trip to Doctor Snape's house in Gwydyr to watch the TV coverage of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation. Janet's brother Gareth stands in front of Hugh, who can't see a thing.

[Hugh and Hanet recall this in Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark (p. 55).]

Summer 1953 AD

The Canvey Angels (Short Trips: Companions)

Father Hemmings, the local Catholic priest had fathered a son by one of his parishioners and refused to perform the last rites on her when she was subsequently murdered by her boyfriend. Following the flood on Canvey Island, Hemmings retrieved some alien bodies, which leaked radiation into the local area, wilting the local plants. The bodies were removed by the fifth Doctor and Peri.

[The Doctor gives the year and the season (p. 185).]

18th December 1953 AD

A biplane called Sky Gypsy bound for Dublin disappears less than half an hour after it takes off. On board are pilot Diane Holmes and passengers John Ellis and Emma Louise Cowell. The plane falls through the Cardiff Rift, arriving “50 years” in the future.

[This is the backstory to Out of Time. Dianne gives the date in the opening scene.]

1954 AD

Bo Didley records the song Mona in Chicago.

[Ace knows this in Cat's Cradle: Warhead (p. 100-101).]

1954 AD

Barbara Wright is a student teacher living in a rented room in Cricklewood.

[She recalls this in The Witch Hunters (p. 70-71).]

r. 1954 AD

Ian Chesterton falls in love with a girl called Suzy at University. She gets a job offer in another town, and he pretends to lose interest in her so that he doesn't stop her from taking the job. A week later, he sees a news story about a girl killed in a car crash that contains her photo. However when he reads the article he realises that it was the wrong photo.

[Ian says he was 18 in The Face of the Enemy (p. 180). He also recalls this event in Romans Cutaway (More Short Trips) (p. 225, 236-237).]

15th September 1954 AD

Peter Alan Tyler is born.

[Rose gives the date in Father's Day.]

9th November 1954 AD

The Witch Hunters

The Doctor and Susan attend the world premier of The Crucible in London.

[The date is given in a caption (p 68).]

1955 AD

Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart's grandmother dies.

[He gives the year in The Devil Goblins from Neptune (p. 56).]

c. 1955 AD

Major-General Scobie (as he will become) spends a long time posted to Singapore together with his wife.

[Liz is aware that this was duing the fifties in The Scales of Injustice (p. 31).]

c. 1955 AD

A room is sealed off in the Organic Weapons Research Institute in Novorsk, allegedly due to a biological accident. In fact, the room contains people affected by the Arcane Collegiate ship buried underneath Novorsk.

[Klebanov says this was the 1950s in The Deviant Strain (p. 196-197). The Doctor later says that this was “about fifty years ago” (p. 204).]

1956 AD

Ben Jackson stows away on the cargo ship his late father had worked on, which is bound for Singapore.

[He recalls that he did this in 1956 when aged 14 in Invasion of the Cat-People (p. 31). However, in The Murder Game (p. 168) he recalls being 15 when he first ran away to sea. The latter reference could refer to when he officially became a sailor.]

1956 AD

Joanna Harris thinks that seven of the youngest members of her vampire coven are moving against her. She and Abner arrange for them to be staked in the middle of the night. They then recruit several replacements including Slake (Edwin Pratt), Shredder, Reaper, Elvis, and Spike.

[The date is given several times in Vampire Science (p. 122, 142, 151). Abner says that they found the replacements in “fifty seven” (p. 183).]

1956 AD

Margaret Trevithick, wife of Edmund, dies.

[According to Edmund's file in Nightshade (p. 111).]

9th September 1956 AD

Elvis Presley performs Hound Dog on the Ed Sullivan Show, prompting many complaints.

[The Doctor mentions this in The Idiot's Lantern, dating it to the late-50s. I've used the precise historical date.]

25th December 1956 AD

The Little Drummer Boy (Short Trips: Companions)

An eight-year-old homeless child in Manchester arrives at a Christmas event for those who children who didn't have anyone to help them celebrate Christmas.

[The year is given in narration (p. 157). All of the scenes in this story are set on Christmas Day or Christmas Eve.]

1957 AD

Holly Kidd, aged 17, experiences her first kiss with a boy named James, and gets in trouble with her Uncle Louis for disappearing.

[She recalls this was 1957 in Nightshade (p. 101).]

1957 AD

Sputnik Two is launched into space. It carries a dog called Laika into space.

[The Doctor says that this was in 1957 in Alien Bodies (p. 4). Historically this was 3rd November.]

1st May 1957 AD

The first Sputnik is taken off course by external influence and its very existence covered up.

[As seen in the prologue to First Frontier. The date is given in a caption (p. 1).]

4th October 1957 AD

The Doctor was at the launch of Sputnik.

[The Doctor says “there are at east two of me there already” in First Frontier (p. 17).]

4th October 1957 AD

First Frontier

The day Sputnik I was launched, there was a major amount of UFO activity around Corman Airbase, New Mexico. During this incident an Atlas rocket and a fighter plane were shot down. The real reason for the incident was an alliance between the US government and the Tzun.

[The date is given in a caption (p. 6).]

c. 1958 AD

The British government establishes Department C-19, a little brother to MI5 and offshoot of the Civil Defence Programme. The department would acquire a reputation for involvement in less-documented paramilitary excursions.

[“In the late fifties”, according to The Scales of Injustice (p. 154).]

1958 AD

Neville Albert Miller is widowed.

[The year is given in narration in Salvation (p. 8).]

h. 14th April 1958 AD

Alien Bodies

The Third Doctor rescues Laika's body shortly before Sputnik Two enters Earth's atmosphere. He then takes the body to the planet Quiescia and buries it.

[This is the prologue to Alien Bodies. I arbitrarily assume that the scenes on Quiescia are contemporary with the rest of the prologue.]

October 1958 AD

Bad Therapy

The Petruska Institute near Hartley, Essex disappears as rioting breaks out in London.

[The date is given in a caption (p.1).]

December 1958 AD

The final episode of Nightshade is finished.

[Edmund Trevithick recalls this was Christmas 1958 in Nightshade (p. 95). The year is also mentioned in his file (p. 111). I've assumed he's approximating, rather than stating that it aired on Christmas day.]

1959 AD

Emma Louise Cowell's father, a former munitions worker, dies aged 48. His wife will live until the age of 81.

[Torchwood finds these dates and ages in Out of Time.]

1959 AD

Delta and the Bannermen

A US satellite was launched and went missing. CIA agents Hawk and Weismuller tracked it to a Welsh holiday camp in an incident that later caused many UFO rumours.

[The Tollmaster says that they are going back to 1959 (ep. 1).]

ALT 1959 AD

In the Inferno universe there was an incident in Wales that led to the Conclave capturing two Bannerman ships

[Kyle says this was 20 years before The Face of the Enemy (p. 243) and Marianne says it was 1959 (p. 248).]

r. Autumn 1959 AD

An Austin A35 that the Doctor will later drive is built.

[It's fifty years old in Cat's Cradle: Warhead (p. 139). This model of car was in production from around 1956 to 1968.]

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